The Russian military command has apparently placed the MiG-31 interceptors armed with ballistic missiles in the Kola peninsula, not far from the borders with Finland and Norway. The Barents Observer reported that on December 19, quoting Chief of the General Staff of the Russian army Valeriy Gerasimov.
The official delivered a speech, in which he addressed a wide variety of questions, such as the buildup of strategic nuclear weapons and the future of New START Treaty with the USA, as well as the development of Russia's forces in the Arctic region.
“The Kinzhal aviation missile system with a hypersonic missile is on experimental combat duty. These missiles were launched at training grounds in various climate conditions, including in the Arctic,” Gerasimov said. "...A network of airports is under development, providing an expansion of the geography of the use of this [missile] complex.”
The outlet specified that "although the General did not name the airports, it is well known that Russia is expanding existing and building new runways at five locations in the High Arctic; Rogachyovo at the southern island of Novaya Zemlya, Nagurskoye on the Aleksandra lsland at Franz Josef Land, Sredniy at Severnaya Zemlya, Kotelny at the New Siberia Islands and Wrangel Island north of the Kamchatka Peninsula".
According to Barents Observer, "the new missile was first time tested in Arctic conditions in mid-November. Launched from a MiG-29K with take-off from Olenegorsk airfield on the Kola Peninsula, the missile reportedly made a successful ballistic path and hit its target at the Pemboy range, some 60 kilometers from Vorkuta near the Ural Mountains. With Kinzhal, Russia in many ways get military supremacy in the European Arctic, from Greenland in the west to northern Scandinavia in the east".