Yevhen Marchuk, the ex-head of Security Service, former Secretary of National Security and Defense Council and ex-Prime Minister passed away on August 5. He succumbed to the consequences of coronavirus infection. Marchuk was 80.
He never drew much attention as a politician. But he was among the key political players who witnessed the birth of the modern Ukrainian statehood and independence. He directly affected the processes that occurred in this country since the first days of independence.
Yevhen Marchuk was born on January 28, 1941 in Dolynivka, Odesa region. In 1963, he graduated from Kirovohrad Pedagogical Institute as teacher of Ukrainian and German languages and Ukrainian literature. He also received a Ph.D. degree in law.
In 1963, he assumed the office of operative employee of the KGB of Ukrainian SSR in Kirovohrad region (KGB was the Committee of State Security in the Soviet Union, - 112 International).
In 1990, Marchuk was assigned first deputy head of KGB in the Ukrainian SSR.
When Ukraine gained independence, the experienced KGB employee became the first Head of the SBU, the Security Service of Ukraine (November 1991-July 1994).
Then, the military career was over, and Marchuk started political one. In July 1994, he became the Vice Prime Minister, then First Vice Prime Minister. In June 1995-May 1996, he served as the head of the Ukrainian government.
In June 2003-September 2004, the official served as the Defense Minister. He was twice elected as the member of the Parliament.
In late 2004, Marchuk chaired the Party of Freedom, which ran for the Parliament in 2006 but failed, collecting only 0.06 percent of votes.
Then, he worked as a counselor of president Viktor Yushchenko, chaired the International Secetariat for Security and Civil Cooperation between Ukraine and NATO. Finally, he also represented Ukraine in the security workgroup in Minsk contact group.
The politician left behind his wife Larysa Ivshyna, two sons and several grandchildren.