To leave everything and go to another country not knowing what will happen and how to survive. However, they resolve to do so, seeing no other way out.
This is a terrible dilemma is unfortunately a usual situation for millions of refugees forced to leave their homes.
They escape different things: wars, persecutions, natural disasters and other circumstances, forced to flee, often to an unknown country and a completely new environment.
The World Refugee Day, as emphasized by the United Nations, was created precisely commemorate the strength, courage and perseverance of millions of refugees.
The date of June 20 was not chosen randomly: it is also the Day of Refugees in Africa.
"I am deeply concerned to see more and more situations where refugees are not receiving the protection they need and to which they are entitled. We need to re-establish the integrity of the international refugee protection regime," he said, noting that "in today's world, no community or country providing safe refuge to people fleeing war or persecution should be alone and unsupported. As long as there are wars and persecution, there will be refugees. On World Refugee Day, I ask you to remember them. Their story is one of resilience, perseverance and courage," United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said.
“This not about sharing a burden. It is about sharing a global responsibility, based not only the broad idea of our common humanity but also on the very specific obligations of international law. The root problems are war and hatred, not people who flee; refugees are among the first victims of terrorism,” he said back in 2017.
During 18 years, the question of global responsibility remains on the agenda of the world community. The problem of refugees over the past few years has become one of the most important. On its background, both the world itself and the politics in some countries are changing.
The rules of refugee reception become stricter, but the flow of people trying to get to Europe from troubled countries remains high. For example, according to the European Parliament, 20 thousand migrants came to Europe during the first three months of 2018.
Various studies state that a large flow of refugees increase the violence (for example, in Germany) and the migrants themselves over time are facing a more and more negative attitude among the residents of the countries that provided them with asylum.
Against the negative background, the stories reminding society that the refugees are not a just a source of negative are less common. So let us dwell on them in more detail.
When a migrant becomes a hero of the country
One of the recent stories about heroism unfolded in France.
A migrant from Mali, 22 years-old Mamadou Gassama, saved a child who was hanging on the balcony in one of the houses in Paris. He climbed the building without any safety wires.
After this, Gassama was invited to the Champs Elysées, where he met with the President of France Emmanuel Macron. He also received gratitude from the Paris Mayor and many French people.
Macron during the meeting promised the man fromMali that French authorities would help him in obtaining citizenship.
When migrants change history
There were more than enough of migrants like this in the history. People, who by the whim of the fate became refugees, subsequently left a huge trace in the history of not only the country that sheltered them, but also of the whole world.
For example, a famous scientist Albert Einstein was a migrant. He was forced to move to the United States because of persecution of Jews by Nazis in Germany.
Similarly, another scientist, Sigmund Freud, fled from Germany’s Nazi.
The writer Milan Kundera and the future US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, left Czech Republic because of the Communists rule at that time.
Apple creator Steve Jobs - a son of the Syria native and an American of German descent.
Famous Jamaican musician Bob Marley has a Syrian-Jewish origin on the paternal line.
And this is only a part of the examples proving that refugee issue should not only be connected to crimes and other negative narratives. And the World Refugee Day, among other things, is designed so people understand that.