If it turns out that Ukraine or Russia transferred the engines for ballistic missiles to the DPRK on an official level, then the corresponding country can receive sanctions. This was told by a senior fellow at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Simon Wiseman in a commentary to Deutsche Welle.
"Of course, the UN will investigate this (supplying technology for the DPRK missile program, - Ed.), since after imposing sanctions against the DPRK, a group of experts was created in the UN that has a mandate to check whether sanctions are being observed. Accusations that sanctions are violated, it is their duty to investigate such cases. They can go to the countries that appear in these accusations and demand to help in investigation. This is their task - to verify the truth of such accusations.This does not mean that the host countries or any other countries can not conduct their own investigations, but in the end we would all like to see the conclusion of a relevant group of UN experts which, I am sure, will be presented, "Wiseman said.
Since 2006, the UN embargo on the supply of technology to North Korea is being implemented, which was supported by Ukraine. It obliged to comply with this international decision, the expert said.
"Everything depends on how the equipment got to the DPRK. If it really got there from these countries (Ukraine or Russia, - Ed.) it is possible that other countries will come to the conclusion that, for example, Ukraine has certain problems, and this is not the fault of the government. For example, that there is a problem with export control, which can be solved by granting support to Kyiv in the form of equipment, money, training of personnel, increasing international cooperation, and this would be a positive thing. It is clear that Ukrainians or Russians are somehow connected with trade with the DPRK or trying to hide it, and then sanctions are possible against a country that violates the rules or does not help in the investigation, but all this depends on the results of the investigation, "the SIPRI expert said.