The Office of Prosecutor General of Ukraine opened a criminal proceeding against foreign citizens who joined Russian militants in Donbas. The press department of the Ukrainian authority reported that on July 28.
The investigation team found out that since 2014, when the conflict began, three citizens of Kyrgyzstan, five citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and seven citizens of Brazil participated in the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine, siding with pro-Kremlin illegal armed gangs.
The Office explained that the foreign citizens served with various Russian units, including Wagner private military company.
According to Article 47 of the Additional Protocol I of the 1977 Geneva Conventions that regulates protection of war victims, such individuals are considered mercenaries, and their actions breach the UN International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries.
The toughest sanction under this article foresees lifetime imprisonment - with or without seizing of private property.