These days, Ukrainians pay tribute to the early events of 1917-1921 Ukrainian revolution. That period is a critically essential time in the modern history of this country. The nation-wide struggle for independence and sovereignty resulted in birth of the first independent Ukrainian state in the 20th century; however, it proved to be short-lived and eventually succumbed to the Bolsheviks.
After the 1917 October revolution in Petrograd (Russia), the uprising against the Russian imperial army took place in Kyiv. Soon after, the Central Rada, the newly shaped pro-Ukrainian government led by democratic forces took power in Kyiv. Hostilities against the government in Kyiv began immediately. Under these tough circumstances, the Rada declared Ukrainian independence on January 22, 1918 and broke ties with Russia.
Since then, the newborn state lived through several forms of national statehood (Ukrainian People’s Republic, the Ukrainian Hetmanate, and the Western Ukrainian People’s Republic). But eventually, the democratic forces failed to save the territorial integrity and sovereignty, which is why Ukraine fell to the Bolsheviks and later became the part of the USSR. The modern Ukrainian state was re-born only in August 1991.
The Ukrainian revolution failed to reach its utmost goals, but at the same time it laid the milestones of modern political nation and restored the tradition of Ukrainian statehood.