Ukraine has been waiting for the introduction of this norm into the domestic legislation for a long eight years. And this is what happened. Now let us figure out how important is it
A new type of offense has appeared in Ukraine. It is called criminal infraction or misdemeanor; it is designed to reduce the burden on the pre-trial investigation authorities. It was originally planned that the institution of criminal misconduct would be launched in January, but its appearance was delayed.
Interestingly, in general, this term appeared in the legislation in 2012. But was launched only now.
Legally, the appearance of criminal infraction can be described as follows:
On July 1, the Law “On Amending Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Regarding the Simplification of the Pre-trial Investigation of Certain Categories of Criminal Offenses” No. 2617-VIII entered into force.
Miller Law Firm clarifies that as a result of these changes, 119 crimes and 2 administrative offenses will create 121 criminal offenses that will be investigated in the form of an inquiry.
What does it mean?
This means that from July 1, the new concept of “criminal infraction” is introduced into the Criminal Code of Ukraine. This should simplify the investigation of crimes of minor gravity.
What is a criminal offense?
This is an offense for which a person would not go into prison. And for which a penalty of a fine of not more than 1900 USD is provided.
There are many types of misconduct (about 100). Here are some of them:
- Threat of murder;
- Exploitation of children;
- Causing light bodily injury;
- Animal abuse;
- Obstruction of the legitimate activities of journalists;
- Fraud and unskilled theft.
The peculiarity of criminal offenses is that they are not crimes. That is, for a misdemeanor after serving a sentence, a person will not have a criminal record.
The second feature is the inquiry officers.
Who are the inquiry officers?
These are precisely those law enforcement officers who will deal specifically with criminal offenses.
Lawyers call the interrogators “the lite version of the investigators.”
“We are starting to work, a number of measures have been taken to launch this institute, in particular the creation of full-time inquiry units. In addition, regulatory legal acts, methodological materials have been developed, and training for future investigators will be organized that will investigate more than half of all registered criminal offenses. Total staff Inquiries to date amount to more than 3,700 posts,” Ihor Klymenko, the head of the National Police, assures.
At the same time, the investigation of criminal offenses will be conducted according to an expedited and simplified procedure.
All collected inquiry materials must be submitted to the prosecutor no later than 72 hours after the person was detained.