Six citizens of Lithuania filed a lawsuit against the first president of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, in connection with the events in Vilnius on January 11-13, 1991. They accuse Gorbachev that he, being the Supreme Commander of the Soviet Armed Forces, failed to prevent "international crime" against the Lithuanians as DW reported.
The statement was sent by relatives of the four victims of the events of January 13, 1991 - Vydas Maciuliavičius, Algimantas Petras Kavoliukas, Virginijus Druskis, and Apolinaras Juozas Povilaitis. The civil suit was submitted to the Vilnius District Court on Thursday, January 13.
On March 11, 1990, the Supreme Council of Lithuania declared the restoration of the independence of the republic. In January 1991, protests began in Lithuania, and fighters from Soviet special units were moved there. On the night of January 13, a column of Soviet armored vehicles headed into the center of Vilnius. During the storming of the TV center, 14 people were killed, more than 600 were wounded.
Later, 67 former Soviet soldiers and officers were convicted of crimes against humanity and war crimes. Most of the defendants were convicted in absentia because Russia and Belarus refused to extradite them.