The largest exporters of arms are the United States, Russia, France, Germany, and China (they provided 74% of total world export of arms for the last 5 years).
Extending its lead as the world’s biggest arms exporter, the U.S. accounted for 34% of total arms exports. Russia, the next biggest exporter, had a decrease in its arms sales by 7,1% to 22% of global exports compared with the five years to 2012. France, the third exporter increased sales by 27% for the last few years, but Germany, on the contrary – decreased by 14%.
United States’ rates have exceeded Russia’s by 58%.
China was the fifth largest arms exporter in 2013–17. Total exports rose 38% between 2008–12 and 2013–17, with Pakistan to be the main recipient of Chinese arms.
Arms exports to the Middle East, Asia and Oceania increased, while there was a decrease in the flow of arms to Africa, the Americas and Europe.
The most active buyers of the weapons were India, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates.
As it was reported earlier President Vladimir Putin’s announcement about new nuclear weapons is part of a resurgent Russian assertiveness that the West is already responding to, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said on Monday, adding that he hoped to avoid an arms race. Putin unveiled an array of the new nuclear weapons - that he said were either ready or in development - last Thursday, saying they could hit almost any point in the world and not be intercepted.
Putin’s speech, weeks before the election he is expected to win, was in line with a pattern of behavior whereby Russia has developed the new weapons and used military force on neighbouring Ukraine, Stoltenberg said.