German special services treat Russia as a potential large-scale threat to international security; Bruno Kahl, director of BND, German military intelligence, said that during the session of Independent Commission of Historians at the Hanns Seidel Foundation in Munich.
‘Frankly speaking, instead of getting a partner responsible for European security, we face a potential threat; Russia is back as a geopolitical player, and it still is a disturbing neighbor… Russia’s political ambitions will keep growing,’ Kahl said.
'Kahl warned that the Russian military has demonstrated a higher degree of readiness than expected. He concludes that Russia will have modernized 70% of its armed forces by 2020, an estimate based on the Zapad military exercise last summer. NATO and Germany cannot ignore this trend, he argued, stating that “peace in Europe is no longer a guaranteed fact.” Over the last year, it has been suggested Russia actively sought to play a role in the UK referendum on EU membership, the Catalan independence referendum, the French and the US Presidential elections. Moscow has consistently denied any involvement,' NewEurope wrote.