The world is gradually weakening the bans introduced to combat the spread of Covid-19. And this is how it happens.
USA (more than 50 000 dead)
American leader Donald Trump presented the plan to exit from quarantine on April 17.
It consists of three stages, which governors should implement at their own discretion.
Stage One. People, as before, should whenever possible work at home and not get together in groups of more than 10 people, if it is impossible to maintain a distance. Trips which are not related to work and not urgent are not recommended.
At the same time, cinemas, temples and sports facilities can be opened, subject to observance of social distance measures.
Stage Two. Authorities can open schools and resume trips and exits from the house for minor matters.
Stage Three. Visits to hospitals and nursing homes are allowed. People can fully resume work.
Each stage should last about two weeks so that the incidence does not begin to increase again.
At the same time, people at increased risk for Covid-19 complications should stay at home, restricting contact with others until the start of the third and last stage.
According to DW, in the near future authorities of several states are preparing to soften restrictions.
In particular, from April 27, some “uncritical” enterprises will reopen in Minnesota, and up to 100 000 state employees who work in offices and the industrial sector will be able to work.
In Tennessee, they plan to open restaurants and retail outlets before May 1, and in Idaho, most private enterprises will also be able to resume work from May 1, if the number of infections and deaths does not begin to increase again.
At the same time, Donald Trump notes that social distance will be extended after May 1. In his view, the “worst” phase of the pandemic will end by the end of summer.
"But we will extend the restrictions until we feel that we are safe," the American president said.
Italy (almost 26 000 dead)
At the moment, the country has suspended the work of production, restaurants, cafes, hairdressers and all enterprises that are not related to critical areas of the economy and the priority needs of citizens. Only pharmacies and grocery stores work.
The Italian government on April 10 decided to extend the restrictive measures until May 3.
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte promised that if quarantine requirements are met before this date, the government will take measures to restore some types of production activity in the country.
In particular, if entrepreneurs guarantee compliance with the safety rules provided for in the epidemic of coronavirus, then the country can allow the sale of paper, cardboard and office supplies, bookstores and clothing stores for children.
"I would like to say: let's open everything. Right away. Tomorrow morning ... But such a decision would be irresponsible. It will raise the infection curve uncontrollably and destroy all the efforts that we have made so far," Conte wrote on Facebook.
Now the government is working on a plan to phase out the country from the national quarantine. According to the Italian Prime Minister, the implementation of this plan will begin on May 4.
Spain (more than 22 500 dead)
Recently, the country has once again extended the quarantine, but eased some restrictions on children (since mid-March, they were generally forbidden to leave home).
So, children under 14 years old were allowed to go out from 8 to 10 a.m. They can walk with the elders one hour a day.
They are also allowed to run, jump and exercise, but are prohibited from visiting game parks. Compliance with the rules of social distance is also mandatory.
It is expected that the gradual easing of quarantine in Spain will begin towards the end of May.
As for the rest, the local press writes that the country will be ready to accept tourists no earlier than 2021.
France (more than 22 200 dead)
Restrictive measures in the country should have been removed on April 15, but it was decided to extend them until May 11.
According to President Emmanuel Macron, after this date, schools, colleges and universities will be reopened. At the same time, restaurants, bars and cinemas will remain closed.
It is expected that the process of lifting restrictive measures will not be carried out separately in each region of the country.
The plan for France’s quarantine exit may be announced on April 28 or 29.
Germany (more than 5 600 dead)
Since April 20, some softened quarantine measures have begun to operate in the country.
In particular, the government allowed opening of schools for high school students (kindergartens are still closed) as well as stores with an area of 800 square meters.
The decision on further mitigation of restrictive measures will be taken by German authorities no earlier than May 6, DW writes.
As explained by Chancellor Angela Merkel, the consequences of the permits introduced on April 20 for some quarantine mitigation can be assessed only after 2 weeks.
In addition, she called on citizens to be prepared for a long lockdown and criticized the leadership of a number of lands for haste in taking measures, but did not name the names of specific politicians.
Czech Republic (214 dead)
The country's authorities lifted restrictions on free movement, and citizens were allowed to hold public meetings in groups no more than 10 people.
In addition, from April 25, the government allowed the opening of shops up to 2500 square meters, as well as fitness centers, libraries, small church services and exhibitions at the zoo.
Shopping centers, large shops, hairdressers and beauty salons, restaurants and cafes are planned to be returned to work from May 11.
According to the Minister of Industry Karel Gavlicek, by May 25, the work of most enterprises and restaurants should resume in the Czech Republic.
Ukraine (193 dead)
On April 24, the Cabinet of Ministers unveiled a plan for exit from lockdown.
It consists of five stages:
The first stage is control over distribution, access to medical resources: for 10 consecutive days, the ratio of detected cases among all tested does not change or the daily deviation was kept within 5%.
The second stage is the reduction of cases. Unloading the medical system: for 10 consecutive days, the percentage of detected cases among all tested in the country is daily decreasing, the daily number of people who have recovered remains unchanged or is growing.
The third stage is the release of the medical system from patients: for 10 consecutive days, the number of people who have recovered double or more the number of new cases. Health facilities are less than 10% full of patients with Covid-19.
The fourth stage is full control over the outbreaks: for 10 consecutive days, the number of new unrelated cases is less than 5 per region.
The fifth stage is the cessation of the internal transmission of the virus: isolated cases that are associated exclusively with the import of the disease.
"Each stage has clear indicators and depends on the dynamics of the disease spread. The government roadmap for quitting quarantine will make it possible to save the lives of Ukrainians and at the same time gradually restore economic stability," said Prime Minister Denys Shmygal.
The starting point for the implementation of this plan may come on May 11, subject to a favorable epidemic situation in the country.
As you know, quarantine in Ukraine was initially introduced from March 12 to April 3. Later, on March 25, the government extended it until April 24 and introduced an emergency regime throughout the country. On April 22, it was decided to extend the restrictive measures until May 11.