Foreigners and stateless persons lost their right to own land in occupied Crimea after President Vladimir Putin signed the corresponding decree No. 201 on 20 March. The text of the document is presented on the portal of legal information of the Russian Federation.
In particular, 19 out of 25 Crimean municipalities, including Evpatoria, Kerch, Yalta and Sudak, and also eight of the 12 municipalities of Sevastopol were included in the list of border areas where foreign citizens, stateless persons and foreign legal entities cannot have ownership of land plots.
The Russian Federation annexed the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea in late February - early March 2014. Soldiers of Russian special forces in unmarked uniforms blocked the buildings of the Council of Ministers and the Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and then took control of the territory of the peninsula.
This was preceded by an illegal referendum on the status of the Ukrainian peninsula on March 16, 2014, which was held at gunpoint by Russian soldiers. The results of this "expression of the will" of the Russian Federation considered the basis for the illegal occupation of the Ukrainian peninsula.
In December 2016, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in which the Russian Federation is designated as an "occupying power" and the peninsula is designated as a "temporarily occupied" territory.
In December 2020, the UN General Assembly at its 75th session voted for a resolution on the problem of militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, as well as the waters of the Black and Azov Seas. The document adopted by the UN General Assembly requires the Russian Federation to withdraw its armed forces from Crimea and immediately end the temporary occupation of Ukrainian territory, stop conscription of Crimean residents into the Russian armed forces, as well as the "militarization" of education.
In early 2021, the European Court of Human Rights found that Russia's de facto control over the occupied Crimean peninsula began no later than February 27, 2014.