The list of flaws of drivers, exposing which Ukrainians will be able to receive a reward, includes popular types of violations (in particular, violations of the rules for crossing intersections, driving at a red light, as well as overtaking rules). By the way, most of the violations from the list are the most common causes of road accidents in Ukraine.
How the new "cashback" will work
With the help of the Diya application, as well as special software tools, the technical transfer of photo / video materials to the authorities that consider administrative cases will be realized. After that, the only thing left to do is to wait for the culprit to be brought to justice and receive your 10% of his fine. By the way, it is proposed to establish criminal liability for false information or falsification.
It is noteworthy that according to Ukrainian law, any person already has the right to contact the police with a statement against any other person, and the police are obliged to respond, even if the statement is anonymous. But, according to lawyers, in practice this does not work at all.
“Let's say you now apply to law enforcement agencies and attach your proof. That's it, the police must react. But all this is so unstable that the likelihood that the police will investigate it is very, very low,” says lawyer Volodymyr Karavayev.
The bill proposes to consolidate these norms at the legislative level. And to clearly define the status of the person who submits such video evidence - the detector.
Time will tell whether the initiative will work the way officials see it. But today there are questions about the reliability of the evidence itself (guarantees that the video or photo cannot be faked) and about the protection of the "informant".
The "denunciation system" is not new for Ukraine and the world
By the way, in some countries of the world there is also a "denunciation system" in the field of traffic rules. In particular, in Uzbekistan, where citizens can access video recordings of violations through the official website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. And also in Israel and South Korea.
The citizen-law enforcement collaboration is practiced in other countries as well. Thus, in Belarus, at least every third case of corruption has been identified according to the population's reports. At the same time, the remuneration is small: from $ 300 to $ 600, depending on the severity of the crime. But they are paid before the entry into force of the sentence. In Kazakhstan, the amounts are about the same, but there is a reverse liability in the case of defamation. At least 10 thousand citizens receive cashback annually.
In Germany, for example, such denunciations are considered a manifestation of law abidance and apply not only to corruption, but also to the social sphere: at the slightest suspicion of improper treatment of a child, neighbors can call social workers.
But Ukrainian officials cannot boast of such successes. Earlier, the "servants", following the example of other countries, already offered to inform on big corrupt officials, receiving a percentage of the bribe.
According to experts, in the Ukrainian realities, where almost every third person violates and evades taxes, none of these control mechanisms has been successful.
“Imagine: a person himself receives a black salary, works in a shady business, but through a fiscal cashback he catches entrepreneurs who have not registered a check in the tax base. The key mistake of all our political elites in such mechanisms is that the purge had to start with large industrial groups so that small and medium-sized businesses do not feel like a scapegoat, "says economist Oleksiy Kushch.
In the West, where 95% of the population pays taxes and receives high-quality administrative services from the state, good medicine, education, infrastructure and other benefits, "fiscal snitching" will be much more effective than in Ukraine, where, without quality guarantees from state, more than half of working citizens refrain from paying taxes.
The traffic violations informing initiative is a double-edged sword. Obviously, to some extent this can have a positive impact on the responsibility of drivers on Ukrainian roads. But at the same time, the state actually signs its own inability to put things in order in the field of traffic rules. The Ministry of Internal Affairs regularly reports on its successful experience with auto-fix cameras, but officials are not able to cover even the streets of Kyiv with them. The road infrastructure, which, according to the logic, should receive funds from fines, is not improving either.
Therefore, the current initiative of "Servants of the people" is a banal attempt to increase receipts from fines for traffic violations, but in no way concern for the lives of Ukrainians. Rada in the first reading adopted a bill that blocks the opportunity to appeal against fines in court before they are paid. That is, whether the fine is fair or not is irrelevant. Pay first, and then prove your innocence in court.