The law on mine action is taking effect in Ukraine on January 25.
The document was recently signed by President Petro Poroshenko. The bill defines how much the designated area needs mine action, as well as the funding sources of this action. The bill also provides the list of professional requirements for the experts in this area; one of the responsibilities is to offer the assistance to those who suffered from explosions.
The areas contaminated by the explosive items are defined by the Cabinet of Ministers; however, the most typical and the largest area would be the territory of the Joint Forces Operation, where the combat activity is underway.
The funds will be assigned within the approved articles of the state budget or come from other sources such as international technical assistance or financial donors.
The law also foresees creation and control of the list of operators of the mine action. The annual action plan will be approved by the national authority for mine action issues, which is also to accredit the operators, providing them with the respective licenses.
The Mine Action Centre will be created so as to control the quality of mine action works in the designated areas. It will also use the public procurement mechanism to choose the companies to conduct these works.
The demolition experts should get their own life insurances on the compulsory basis.
Ukraine will be using the international standards in mine action works until it develops its own.