Joint Investigation Team (JIT), which holds investigation of the downing of MH17 plane over Donbas, published the new record made at the beginning of July 2014 with the participation of the militants and high-ranking Russian officials as JIT report states.
The official, particularly, stated that “men are coming with a mandate from Shoygu (Sergey Shoygu is the Russian Defense Minister, - 112.international) and these men “will kick the local warlords out of the units”. Besides, this official said to the interlocutor that “you will report to the Minister of Defense. Our Minister of Defense is Strelkov (Ihor Girkin -112.international), and our Commander-in-Chief – like any other President or Prime Minister – is Borodai (Russian Aleksandr Borodai – 112.international).”
Besides, according to the investigators, a few former militants reported to JIT that the Russian Security Service FSB and Military Intelligence Service GRU were involved in the regular governance of Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR). One of the witnesses stated that “DPR leaders” regularly came to Moscow to consult with their contacts in FSB and GRU.
Thus, in the public interviews, DPR leaders stated that they were the volunteers not sent to Ukraine. JIT thinks that they were sent from Russia in fact. JIT communicated with a few witnesses who stated that “the key figures” were sent from the Russian Federation.
Besides, in August 2014, soon as MH17 was downed, accused Girkin announced about his departure and said to Borodai that he “returns to the HQ”. Obviously, he returned to the organization where he worked earlier. In August 2014, accused Girkin and Borodai left Eastern Ukraine and went to Moscow. In the interview in 2017, Girkin explained: “I was ordered to pass the command to Zakharchenko”.
Boeing 777 of Malaysian Airlines, flight number MH17 was destroyed while performing a regular flight from the Netherlands to Malaysia in July 2014. The tragedy took place in the sky over the militant-held section of Donetsk region. All 298 people aboard deceased; most of the victims (196) were Dutch, but there were citizens of another nine countries as well.
The Netherlands and Australia officially accused Russia of the downing of the MH17 plane. Particularly, when the Dutch prosecutors found the evidence that the plane was downed by the Russian “Buk.”
As was reported earlier, Australia and the Netherlands expressed disappointed with Ukraine’s decision to extradite the MH17 case witness Tsemakh to Russia.
Volodymyr Tsemakh, the key witness in the MH17 crash case in Donbas was transferred to Russia within the prisoners’ exchange on September 7.
Previously, Ukrainian and Dutch authorities confirmed that Tsemakh was interviewed by investigators from the State Prosecutor's Office of the Netherlands before he left Ukraine and went to Russia; this is due to the exchange of prisoners that took place on September 7. Ukraine and Russia conducted the "35 for 35" exchange.
On July 17, 2019, the Security Service of Ukraine stated that it detained Volodymyr Tsemakh, the ex-militant of Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR), involved in the transportation of Buk missile system, which downed MH17. He was detained during the crossing of the border with Russian controlled by Ukraine.