The memorial dedicated to the victims of the Volyn massacre will be installed in Torun, Poland. The memorial was already shown to the mass media and it is made in the form of a child that hangs at the pitchfork, people that are burnt alive and peasants with the children as Onet.pl reported.
The 15-meters monument will be installed in the National Memory Park.
Katarzynie Pelczynskiej-Nalecz, the Director of ‘Open Europe’ program of Batorego Fund is assured that such memorial will negatively influence the relations between the countries and will rise only the negative emotions.
‘I do not see the respect to the victims in such symbolic message and such sharp treatment of them. It does not mean that we should not openly talk about the Volhynian massacre but we should not use the cultural symbols with sharp messages full of hatred’, she said.
Volodymyr Viatrovych, the Head of the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory also criticized a new memorial at Facebook.
‘The aim of the memorials is to remind on the heroic or tragic past, to bring out the feeling of proud or sad in the contemporaries. The memorial that will be built in Torun reminds the past with another goal to awaken the hatred today. It is a tradition that the names of the regions are placed at the memorials dedicated to Volyn massacre in Poland but not the surnames of the perished. What is the subject of the sorrow: the murdered people or lost territories? ‘, Viatrovych said.
As we reported Mateusz Morawiecki, the new Prime Minister of Poland, in his first day of office said that the relations with Ukraine should be built on historical truth, and such events as “genocide in Volyn” can’t be forgotten.
Volyn massacre is the mutual ethnical cleansing operation of the Ukrainian and Polish population that was made by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) and Polish Home Army with the participation of the Polish battalions of the Schutzmannschaft and Soviet partisans in 1943-1944 during the WWII in Volyn, Galicia, Chelm Land, Podlachia, Nasianie, Lemkivshchyna.
The number of the victims of that tragic event is varied. According to Poland, at least 35 000 people died during this tragedy (mostly the Polish peasants), 18 000 were identified. And only about a few thousand of the Ukrainians died. Some Polish historians claimed that the real number of the perished Poles is bigger in two-three times. At the same time, the number of the perished Ukrainian in all territories, including Volyn is about 21-22 000 people.