Kyiv City Council has confirmed plans to name a street in the Ukrainian capital “Gareth Jones Lane” in honor of the British journalist whose courageous reporting helped expose Stalin’s genocidal Ukraine famine. The July 31 decision by the Kyiv authorities reflects the important role played by Jones in the long quest to reveal the truth about the man-made 1930s famine, which killed an estimated four million Ukrainians and is known today as the Holodomor (“Death by Hunger”).
The appearance of a Kyiv street honoring Gareth Jones is arguably long overdue. In that sense, it is very much in keeping with the delays and denials that have marked the wider struggle for greater public awareness of the famine, both in Ukraine itself and internationally. Despite a staggering death toll, the Holodomor has never achieved the kind of international infamy associated with the most notorious atrocities of the totalitarian twentieth century. Instead, almost 100 years on, it is still the subject of heated political debate and remains partially shrouded in Soviet disinformation.
At the time of the famine, the Soviet authorities went to unprecedented lengths to prevent news from reaching international audiences. Gareth Jones was one of the very few international journalists to report on the mass starvation taking place in Soviet Ukraine. Having traveled to Moscow in March 1933, he took a train bound for Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine and surreptitiously disembarked close to the Ukraine border before continuing his journey on foot. The apocalyptic scenes Jones encountered as he made his way through the starving Ukrainian countryside would form the basis of his subsequent reports.
Jones may have beaten the Soviet censors, but his most implacable adversaries were actually his fellow reporters. Led by Pulitzer Prize-winning New York Times bureau chief Walter Duranty, the international press corps in Moscow closed ranks against Jones, refuting his claims and attacking his credibility. Prominent public figures including George Bernard Shaw and H. G. Wells joined the chorus of denials, as did the former French PM Édouard Herriot, who took part in a crudely stage-managed tour of Soviet Ukraine in summer 1933 and declared it to be “like a garden in full bloom.”
Fellow British journalist Malcolm Muggeridge, who was among the handful of correspondents other than Jones to write objectively about the famine, described it as “one of the most monstrous crimes in history, so terrible that people in the future will scarcely be able to believe it happened.” These chilling words were to prove prophetic. Thanks to the collaboration of Moscow correspondents and celebrity Soviet sympathizers, Stalin’s famine would go on to become the most successful disinformation campaign in modern history.
Throughout the Communist period, the Holodomor remained one of Soviet society’s greatest taboos. Accounts of the famine were passed down from generation to generation within individual families, but there was never any official recognition. Instead, the memory of the victims was kept alive by the global Ukrainian diaspora and the efforts of Western historians, most notably Robert Conquest and James Mace, who endeavored to document the scale of the tragedy.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the campaign to commemorate the Holodomor finally began to gain momentum. The 2005-2010 presidency of Viktor Yushchenko witnessed a series of particularly significant breakthroughs in this process, including the Ukrainian parliament’s 2006 vote recognizing the famine as an act of genocide against the Ukrainian nation, and the 2008 opening of a National Holodomor Memorial on the Kyiv hills overlooking the Dnipro River. Yushchenko’s efforts to raise awareness of the Holodomor are widely viewed as one of the enduring achievements of his time as president.
International recognition has increased in parallel to the similar progess taking place within Ukraine. There are now a number of Holodomor monuments around the world, including the Holodomor Genocide Memorial in Washington DC, which was unveiled in 2015. Meanwhile, more than a dozen countries including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Portugal, and Poland have officially recognized the Holodomor as genocide.
Read the full story here.