The International Monetary Fund (the IMF) welcomed the creation of the Anti-Corruption Court in Ukraine; this was mentioned in the statement released by Christine Lagarde, the Fund's Managing Director, which she composed based on her conversation with Ukrainian leader Petro Poroshenko.
'I am very encouraged by the adoption of the law on the High Anti-Corruption Court (HACC) by the Ukrainian parliament, which is an important step forward in the authorities’ fight against corruption. The new law paves the way for setting up an independent and strong anti-corruption court that together with existing institutions (NABU and the Special Anticorruption Prosecutor’s Office) will contribute to delivering the accountability and justice that the people of Ukraine demand of their public officials', the official stated.
The IMF chief expressed her gratitude for Ukrainian president's intention to render the court active by the end of this year.
'We agreed that it is now important for parliament to quickly approve the supplementary law submitted by the President to formally establish the court, as well as the necessary amendments to restore the requirement that the HACC will adjudicate all cases under its jurisdiction, including all appeals of relevant first instance court decisions, as it was in the draft law approved in the first reading. We also agreed to work closely together, including with the government, toward the timely implementation of this and other actions, notably related to gas prices and the budget, that are critical to allow the completion of the pending review under Ukraine’s IMF-supported program,' the statement said.
As is known, the Ukrainian MPs approved the respective law earlier this month. 315 lawmakers supported the bill.
The law obliges to form the Anti-corruption court within a year that should consist of at least 35 judges, 10 of which are representatives of the Appeal Chamber. The document offered the president to submit the draft law on the creation of the new court to the Verkhovna Rada; Petro Poroshenko did so on Tuesday, June 19.
During the month after the appointment of 35 judges, the senior of them should call a meeting at which they will determine the date of the beginning of the court’s work and solve the organizational matters.
The Supreme Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine (SQCJU) will select the judges of the SACC with the help of six members of the International Experts Council. So, it is necessary to create this council first.
The members of the International Experts Council will be appointed by the SQCJU choosing among the nominees offered by the international organization with which Ukraine cooperates in the prevention of corruption sphere. When there are at least 12 nominees, the SQCJU will choose the members of the International Experts Council at the open session.
Both foreigners and citizens of Ukraine can become the international experts. The requirements are flawless business reputation, high moral character and working experience abroad starting from 5 years in the execution of the procedural management, maintenance of the prosecution in the court or corruption proceedings.
The law took effect June 14, which means that the court should be established by June 14, 2019.