According to German Advisory Commission for coal phase-out, all coal-fired power plants might be closed by 2038; however, the plan of the refusal from using coal should be approved by the German government and it seems to be so.
The coal phase-out plan was developed in order to reduce Germany's C02 emissions. Moreover, Germany considers stopping using nuclear power, despite the fact, that it is less harmful in terms of greenhouse gas emissions.
This would lead to the increased need in the natural gas, which would be supplied by Russia, however, Nord Stream 2 project is too controversial.
"I believe we would be well advised to admit that if we phase out coal and nuclear energy then we have to be honest and tell people that we'll need more natural gas," Chancellor Angela Merkel said at the World Economy Forum in Davos last week.
Moreover, she emphasized that natural gas will play a highly important role in the life of Germany during the next few decades. It means that, despite all controversies, German state needs it and will receive it.
Besides, Merkel added that Germany would also supply liquid gas from other countries, particularly, the U.S.
Earlier Polish President Andrzej Duda urged the German government to give up on Nord Stream 2 construction. He insisted that the new pipeline would breach the current energy balance, posing danger to the energy safety of some countries in Central and Eastern Europe.
Putin claimed that the Russian Federation was ready to save the gas transit through Ukraine after the launch of the Nord Stream 2.
Gazprom and its partners intended to begin the realization of the Nord Stream 2 project, which costs ten billion dollars. It is expected that the 1200 km gas pipeline will be laid through the Baltic Sea, and will connect Russia and Germany passing Ukraine, Poland, and Baltic countries. The capacity of the gas pipeline will be twice increased than the first Nord Stream. The construction is estimated to be completed by the end of 2019.
Ukraine is adamantly opposed to the construction by calling it politically motivated and suggesting the EU to create a consortium with the involvement of European companies to manage the existing more efficient transportation route through Ukraine. A number of EU countries have expressed their disagreement with the Nord Stream 2 project in particular Poland and Lithuania.