The defense department said that the Russian government is primarily seeking to "destabilize and weaken NATO."
Moscow is investing heavily in the modernization of complexes capable of delivering a nuclear strike from the water surface, as well as in upgrading its nuclear weapons capabilities. In particular, the Russian Federation already has about 6375 nuclear warheads.
According to the document of the Ministry of Defense, Russia has at its disposal 840 000 trained soldiers, whom the Kremlin can quickly relocate to other places. They are also able to achieve benefits in a limited time and space, the report notes.
Weaknesses of the Russian army are: "limited opportunities for the use of the Naval Forces on a global scale" and the lack of combat drones. For Moscow, the army is "a political instrument of action and power," the document says.
According to German military experts, China "is more and more ahead of Russia in terms of global influence, including the sale of weapons and military cooperation."
China has at its disposal 2 million soldiers, about 6,850 battle tanks and 1,600 fighters, and "the world's largest missile capability." In addition to conventional missiles, it includes supersonic missiles with a range of up to 2500 km.
In addition, Beijing is systematically expanding its nuclear capabilities and is "the world's largest exporter of combat drones." The experts summed up that China's goal is "to ensure economic development and the formation of an international order in accordance with its interests."