EU member countries should activate efforts in the security and defense area; that, eventually, should lead to creation of the European Defense Union. This is mentioned in the respective resolution of the European Parliament that was passed on November 22.
369 MPs supported the document; 255 declined it, while another 70 abstained.
'Our Union is not equipped to face overwhelming defence challenges. For almost 30 years, most of its member states have been cutting their defence budgets, leading to smaller armed forces. Cooperation among member states is occasional and Europe continues to rely heavily on NATO capabilities and on the US solidarity', MP Urmas Paet said in the debate on the issue. He stressed that “the momentum to move towards a working European Defence Policy has come.
The resolution asks the European Council to lead the creation of 'common Union defence policy and to provide additional financial resources ensuring its implementation.'
An EU headquarters should be set up to plan and command crisis management operations, say MEPs. EU member states should aim to spend 2% of GDP on defence and should establish “multinational forces within the Permanent Structured Cooperation and make these forces available to the common security and defence policy”, they add.
By passing the resolution, the European Parliament’s lawmakers also offer that the EU create multinational task force and a crisis management HQ, so that the EU would be able to plan, coordinate and perform adequately where the NATO would not like to interfere.
The European Parliament’s decision has no obligatory effect on any of EU member countries.