Tourism is a significant part of the income for many countries. Due to the quarantine restrictions associated with coronavirus, the borders of most of them are now closed, only extreme cases are exceptions. Tourism itself, in fact, is on a pause, which implies huge losses in this area and, accordingly, problems with filling state budgets.
In connection with all this, countries are thinking about what to do next with tourism, opening borders and air travel.
Some have already come up with ideas. And the plans of countries vary widely.
Spain, where at this moment 213,024 cases of Covid-19 were recorded, has radically approached further plans. They do not plan to receive tourists until 2021.
This includes a plan prepared by the government for a phased resumption of economic activity suspended due to a pandemic.
According to El Pais sources, this year the Spanish authorities can only rely on domestic tourism.
At this point it is not clear when the country would be opened for foreigners.
In Italy, where 187 327 cases of Covid-19 were recorded, authorities also paid close attention to domestic tourism.
According to Italian Times, Italy is developing a program to stimulate domestic tourism, which, among other things, will include partial compensation for the cost of vacation for citizens of the country. We are talking about 350-500 euros.
As for foreign tourists, the situation here is similar to Spain. It is tentatively expected that the borders for tourists will open only in the fall.
Germany prepared a plan for the resumption of air travel. Moreover, the plan was prepared not by the government, but by air transport enterprises.
According to DW, it has 20 points, which if adopted, will mean a new reality for air passengers.
One of the main changes that are offered is the mandatory wearing of protective masks during the entire flight. At least from the moment of landing announcement until the exit from the aircraft.
It is also proposed to require passengers to maintain physical distance in lines in front of the check-in desks, in the baggage inspection area, as well as in the waiting areas for departure and baggage claim.
Also: airlines and airports will have to re-plan the available spaces or free up additional ones, increase the number of working check-in counters, and also apply the corresponding markup.
It is also proposed to let passengers into different zones for boarding in small groups and increase the number of buses delivering passengers of one flight to the plane.
One more requirement: to oblige passengers to check that they are not suffering from contagious diseases and specifically Covid-19 even before online check-in.
Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz believes that international air traffic in the medium and long term is only possible when countries will be successfully fighting the coronavirus.
We are talking about countries where the virus is either completely defeated or the number of infected is very low.
At the same time, due to the early completion of the winter season, tourist sphere in Alpine skiing lost 1.8 billion euros.
By the way, Austria has already made the first quarantine weakening. Last week, the country opened garden centers, as well as stores up to 400 square meters.
The budget of this country, as you know, is quite seriously dependent on "tourist" revenues. So now the authorities are trying to develop a mechanism that will allow tourism.
In early April, it was said that the tourist season in Turkey would begin in late May.
Now there is no specificity regarding the timing. Especially considering that the country has too many infected with coronavirus, and therefore strict quarantine with a curfew has been introduced.
However, as the Eurointegration writes, the country is preparing to receive tourists even before defeating the coronavirus.
They are going to start with domestic tourism, and then switch to foreigners.
The main idea is a closed clean area in which the risk of contracting a coronavirus is minimal. Authorities are already starting certification of such zones.
Antalya is still considered the base region.
According to the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), coronavirus will cost this sphere up to seven years of growth. And this year the number of international tourists will be reduced by 20-30%.
The expected fall could lead to a decrease in revenues from international tourism in the amount of 300-450 billion dollars.
Well, on April 27, EU tourism ministers will discuss possible actions at the national and European levels to quickly restore this sector.