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Battle for Artsakh: What is happening in Nagorno-Karabakh?

Author : 112.ua News Agency

Source : 112 Ukraine

Military operations resumed in Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan and Armenia accuse each other of escalation, with both sides being as serious as possible. We'll tell you what the essence of the conflict is, and everything that is known about its new aggravation
21:32, 30 September 2020

Sputnik News

Fighting continues in Nagorno-Karabakh, the official representative of the Armenian Defense Ministry Artsun Hovhannisyan reported on Facebook.

He noted that there is no "calm periods" and sometimes "there are artillery battles."

A little earlier, Azerbaijan stated that during the fighting on the line of contact in Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia lost more than 550 soldiers killed and wounded.

Hovhannisyan replied that this was not true.

And, in turn, he said that the Azerbaijani army lost "about 200 servicemen, as well as about 30 tanks and 20 unmanned aerial vehicles during the day of hostilities."

How did it all start?

With mutual accusations of escalation.

The Armenian Foreign Ministry said that Azerbaijan on the morning of September 27 launched missile strikes along the entire line of contact in Nagorno-Karabakh, as well as at peaceful settlements, including the capital of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, Stepanakert.

The Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan said that Armenia fired at the positions of the Azerbaijani army from large-caliber weapons, mortars and artillery installations of various calibers.

And they decided to launch a counter-offensive operation against the Armed Forces of Armenia along the entire front.

"The personnel and tank subunits, supported by units of the rocket and artillery troops, front-line aviation and unmanned aerial vehicles, having discovered a large number of manpower, military facilities and military equipment of the Armenian Armed Forces located in the front line and deep in the enemy's defense, destroyed them," it was said in the statement.

The Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan also reported that 12 units of Armenian OSA air defense systems were destroyed in various directions.

What happened next?

Martial law and general mobilization were declared in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. The Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan said that they took control of several villages in NK. This statement was denied in Armenia.

Azerbaijan introduced a partial martial law. And President Ilham Aliyev announced the introduction of partial mobilization.

Also, both countries published several videos from the battlefield.

A video of the Armenian Ministry of Defense with footage of the "destruction of tanks and manpower" of the Azerbaijani army, which was published on the page of the press secretary of the ministry Shushan Stepanyan.

Here is a video of the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry with footage of "the destruction of Armenia's military equipment."

Armenia claimed one of its aircraft was shot down by a Turkish fighter jet, as the conflict in the disputed zone of Nagorno-Karabakh continues. Armenian Foreign Ministry reported that as quoted by BBC.

"The pilot of Soviet-made Su-25 aircraft deceased due to Turkish F-16 entering Armenia's air space", diplomats said. 

Azerbaijan repeatedly stated its Air Force did not employ F-16 fighters. On the other hand, Turkey, which has been providing support to Azerbaijan within this conflict actually uses these planes. However, Ankara denies charges by Armenia.

Naturally, an international reaction to the events in NK followed immediately.

- Turkey supported Azerbaijan.

- Russia called for an end to the conflict and return to the negotiating table.

- The Pope called for dialogue.

- The UN Secretary General also called for an end to the conflict and said he wants to talk with the leaders of both countries.

- NATO expressed concern and stated that the conflict has no military solution.

- The United States said that Armenia and Azerbaijan should stop hostilities and return to negotiations.

- Canada offered to mediate the conflict.

- Ukraine expressed support to the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan as Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba reported

The negotiations between Azerbaijan and Armenia are now impossible because of unacceptable demands by Yerevan. President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliev said so on the air of Rossiya 1, a state-run TV channel.

"Armenian Prime Minister publicly claims that Karabakh is Armenia, and that's it. How can we negotiate in this case? The essence of the principles developed by the OSCE Minsk group lies with the fact that territories around the former Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous regions should be passed to Azerbaijan. But if he (Nikol Pashinyan, - 112 International) says that Karabakh is Armenia, and we should be negotiating with the so-called puppet regime of Nagorno-Karabakh, he basically tries breaking the format of talks that exists for 20 years", the head of the state said.

What is already known

- As reported by Radio Azatutyun, according to the "authorities" of the unrecognized NK, 31 soldiers of the so-called Karabakh Defense Army have already died during the hostilities.

- The Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan announced "taking advantageous heights" around the village of Talish.

- According to the press service of the Armenian Defense Ministry, about 200 servicemen have been injured as a result of the hostilities.

And finally, a brief historical summary. To begin with, perhaps the main question:

Artsakh. What is it?

Artsakh is the second official name of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The name of the NK is a modified name of the previously existing administrative entity - the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region (created in 1923).

Nagorno-Karabakh
Open source

However, in Armenia they prefer to call the region and, along with it, the unrecognized state as the more ancient Armenian word Artsakh (translated as "sunny forest").

Historically Artsakh is the name of a region that existed in the interfluve of the Kura, Araks and Lake Sevan rivers in the 1st-2nd centuries BC. It covers most of the territory of modern Nagorno-Karabakh.

What is the essence of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh?

The Nagorno-Karabakh region has been a disputed territory between Armenia and Azerbaijan since the collapse of the Russian Empire.

And even then they fought for this area (without much success).

Later, the "Soviet period" began in Azerbaijan and Armenia. Then the leadership of the USSR decided that Nagorno-Karabakh would become part of the Azerbaijan SSR with the rights of autonomy.

But in the end, the problem was not resolved.

The fact is that as of the end of the 1980s, the population of NK was more than 70% Armenians. However, a similar situation happened before (hence the collisions).

In 1987, unrest began in Nagorno-Karabakh. They escalated into clashes, and then into war.

In September 1991, the creation of the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic" was proclaimed. As a result, even Armenia did not recognize it.

The fighting ended in May 1994. Then the Bishkek ceasefire protocol was signed. And the conflict itself has become "frozen".

Whether it will remain so after the escalation - we’ll see.

Related: Turkey ready to support Azerbaijan in negotiations and on battlefield, - Çavuşoğlu

Related: Talks between Armenia, Azerbaijan currently impossible, - Aliev

 

 

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