Why UN peacekeepers in Ukraine can't change situation radically?
There is the concept of peacekeeping - these are missions aimed at curbing aggression, but they are not involved in military operations
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I think that there is a great chance that the UN peacekeepers mission will appear in Ukraine, but this chance would be bigger if the order of the mandate would be determined in such a way that it will satisfy all the parties. This is very difficult, especially when sides have such contradictory positions, but from the side of the Western world and our partners, we see an absolute desire to introduce such a mission, at least in the form of deterrence.
There is the concept of peacekeeping - these are missions that are aimed at curbing aggression, but they are not involved in military operations. Unless aggression is applied to them personally, then they have the right to use weapons, but they are not a unit, battalion or a rapid reaction group that will defend the interests of Ukraine or Ukrainian citizens.
They will stand on the line of demarcation throughout the occupied territory, near the front line. Nevertheless, we had precedents, for example, it was Israel-Palestine, when Israel decided to go ahead, the military left, the mission representatives stood on the road, and the military passed by them, forming their attack tactics. We must understand that in Ukraine the same can happen.
It is important for us, apart from these peacekeepers, to have peacebuilders, that is, those who build peace, who work during the conflict and post-conflict period, restore infrastructure, work with the restoration of the economy, the banking sector, political branches of power. Without them, peacekeepers are a format for freezing the conflict. And neither Ukraine, nor our partners, in particular the USA, wants this to be. Russia wants to have Ukraine as always a point of potential conflict or a flame that will contribute to instability in this region as a whole.