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US President-elect Donald Trump held a Christmas market selling positions in government. As a true businessman, he is bidding for each candidate. Transitional Administration of Trump agreed 15 candidates for positions in the Cabinet of the new president, according to statements made by members of his team and to local media.
Remember, immediately after the election Politico and The Wall Street Journal made the first list of potential members of the Cabinet Trump? So, only 5 of them at the moment are likely to receive appointments in the government. The biggest uncertainty arose around the candidacy of Secretary of State - one of the most important in the Cabinet.
Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich, influential Senator Bob Corker, a former US ambassador to the UN John Bolton, former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, former Republican nominee for president Mitt Romney, the former CIA director David Petraeus - this is not a complete list of , who allegedly communicated representatives Trump. They basically did not object to the appointment, but in the end their candidacies were rejected. On their motives Transitional Administration Trump is not stated. In the USA, some journalists openly laughed at this approach to team building.
But it seems that Trump decided. "I will make a statement on the next secretary of state tomorrow morning," he wrote on Monday, December 12. And this candidacy is already known. Trump took over all influential politicians hawks in respect of the Kremlin, then threw the lists in the trash and chose ... businessman, Boy Scouts member, the Kremlin respected director of ExxonMobil Oil Corporation Rex Tillerson. However, there are doubts that he eventually will get the nomination, many are not confident that the Senate approve it. Who are you, Mr. Tillerson?
Boy Scout from Texas
Rex Tillerson was born March 23, 1952 in Wichita Falls, Texas. Grew up in Oklahoma and Texas, the main oil and gas producing states in the US. Was active in the Boy Scouts movement in 1965 received the title of Eagle Scout - the highest achievement, which achieve only about 4% of all Boy Scouts. From 2010 to 2012 he was head of "Boy Scouts of America," and then stayed in the executive council. He helped lift the ban membership in the Boy Scouts club for homosexuals.
In 1970, he graduated from high school in Huntsville, Texas. In 1975 he graduated from the University of Texas at Austin, where he studied engineering.
Immediately started his career at Exxon in the oil fields to the mid-1980s led the service in the gas business development department of the corporation. In 1998, he became vice president of Exxon Ventures and president of Exxon Neftegas Limited, responsible for the Exxon business in Russia and the Caspian Sea. In 1999, the merger of Exxon and Mobil, he was appointed executive vice president of ExxonMobil Development. In 2004, he became president and director of ExxonMobil. From 1 January 2006, Tillerson was elected Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (CEO), retirement Lee Raymond.
In 2011, ExxonMobil signed a contract for oil in Iraqi Kurdistan, contrary to the laws of Iraq and also irritated Washington.
Tillerson sought to lift the ban that existed a few decades, the export of crude oil from the United States, and the lifting of restrictions on the development of export liquefied natural gas projects. Led by Tillerson Exxon received in 2014 net income amount of 34 billion dollars and 80 billion dollars paid as tax.
In 2011, on behalf Tillerson ExxonMobil signed an agreement with Russia on drilling in the Arctic. Although the company began drilling in the Kara Sea in the summer of 2014, sanctions against Russia during the Ukrainian crisis stopped the project in September of that year.
According to the site OilPrice.com, ExxonMobil lost through sanctions against Russia amounted to at least a billion dollars, the company was forced to abandon the joint with "Rosneft" projects on Sakhalin Island in the Kara Sea and Siberia.
Tillerson was part of the Board of Trustees of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is a member of the executive committee of the American Petroleum Institute and member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). It is part of the National Petroleum Council, the Business Round Table, a member of the Business Council, an honorary trustee of the Business Council for International Understanding and a member of the Extraordinary Trade Committee in the US. In 2013, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
Forbes magazine in 2015 on the basis Tillerson placed 25th in the ranking of most influential people in the world (based on 2014 he held 20th place). In 2015, Tillerson earned 27.2 million dollars. Also, he owned shares in the amount of 218 million.
A friend of Putin and Sechin
In December 2016, Tillerson became known among the possible candidates for the post of Secretary of State in the future cabinet of Donald Trump. December 6 elected president had a personal meeting with Tillerson in New York, "Trump Tower" and business publication The Wall Street Journal expressed concern over the possible appointment of a man who has "ties with Putin."
ExxonMobil head has never concealed his ties with Russia. Speaking earlier this year at the University of Texas, Tillerson acknowledged that familiar with Vladimir Putin more than 15 years and supports him "very close relationship". In 1998, Rex Tillerson was appointed vice president of Exxon Ventures (CIS), which was responsible for projects in the former Soviet Union. At the same time he was appointed President of Exxon Neftegas Ltd., engaged in the development of fields in Russia and the Caspian Sea.
According to Tillerson, that is when he met with Vladimir Putin and people within the inner circle of the Russian president. With the head of "Rosneft" and the former head of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation Igor Sechin, for example, it has established good relations so that the head of the Russian state company even admitted that he wants to "go with Rex Tillerson on motorcycles across America."
Igor Sechin, Vladimir Putin, and Rex Tillerson
In 2011, Exxon and "Rosneft" signed an agreement on joint development of deposits on the Arctic shelf and Siberia. The potential value of the transaction was estimated at $ 300 billion. This event, according to the Washington Post, and Sechin Tillerson noted the joint dinner of caviar in a luxurious New York restaurant Per Se. Two years ago, the president of Exxon was awarded the Order of Friendship in the Kremlin "for his significant contribution to the preservation and development of Russian culture abroad."
According to "Voice of America", head of Exxon close ties with the Russian leadership has caused a real storm in Congress. "The main topic during the approval of his candidacy will be his relationship with Putin - confirmed the publication Politico staff of one of the Democratic senators. - Tillerson and his company were against sanctions against Russia, he received the Order of Putin and he is actively engaged in the oil business in basically in this country. "
Representatives of the Democratic Party in the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, which will consider the candidacy of a new Secretary of State to discussion by all of the upper chamber, have said they would block the candidacy Tillerson.
According to Sen. Ben Cardin, he was "deeply concerned" ties with Russia possible candidate. Committee Chairman Bob Menendez, in turn, called the choice of President-elect "disturbing and absurd." "If Rex Tillerson will be our Secretary of State, the administration Trump will enjoy an accomplice of the Russian leadership to manage our foreign policy," said the senator.
Currently, Republicans have 52 seats in the US Senate, the rest 48 belong to the Democrats. According to The Washington Post, we can already say that the "democratic faction" unanimously try to block the appointment Tillerson. "They need to lure to his side just a few Republicans to" bury "Tillerson," the newspaper notes.
In the TV program "Fox News Sunday" Donald Tram tried to explain that close ties with Russia, which so concerned senators, is actually a distinct advantage of Tillerson as a candidate. "For me it is a great achievement that he knows many players (on the world stage), and knows them well. It manages huge projects in Russia," said the newly elected president.
Retired man without experience
The 64-year-old Rex Tillerson has no experience in government positions. Trump Tillerson advised Condoleezza Rice ally George W. Bush during his presidency. Then he endorsed the candidacy of former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates. Trump reacted positively to his candidacy.
Sources in the transitional administration said that "Tillerson is likely to be nominated," and former ambassador to the UN John Bolton "will be his deputy."
Tillerson holds conservative political views. He made many contributions to the Republican Party and candidates. He donated to campaigns of George Bush, Mitt Romney and Mitch McConnell, but did not give money to the campaign Trump. In the spring of 2016 Tillerson gave money to the primaries Staff Jeb Bush.
If Tillerson receives appointment to the State Department, next year he will leave ExxonMobil and retires. If the Senate still make Trump refuse to appoint a political post businessman in the list of alternative candidates are still being discussed former US presidential candidate Mitt Romney, a veteran of Congress, Republican Dan Rorabaher and former Utah governor and US ambassador to China Jon Huntsman.