Olexander Kireyev presented his traditional top ten most interesting elections of the year. This is the tenth edition, issue after 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
In 2015, elections held in three countries, Croatia, Poland, and Argentina, had absolutely the same scenario. What do they have in common? At the beginning of the campaign, it was originally expected that the incumbent would be elected or simply re-elected, perhaps even in the first round, as is the case with Argentina. Then the election day came, and in the first round the rival got more than the previous polls have promised. Obviously, the opponent got full psychological advantage, and then he won by a small margin in the second round. In fact, this electoral scenario took place even in Irkutsk region (Russia).
The traditional rating of "Anti-elections of the year", of course, the presidential elections in Belarus lead the charts. The results of Belarusian elections, at least the second time in a row, were simply “drawn”: they were not based on the results of from the polling stations. Not very far behind comes the constitutional referendum in Armenia.The fraud changed the result itself: the amendments to the Constitution in fact had not been taken.
|Country||Type of elections||Date||Meaning|
It was expected that Bronislaw Komorowski will be easily elected to a second term. His approval ratings were very high. Although the ranking of his opponent Andrzej Duda has rapidly grown during the campaign, the results of the first round was a complete shock: Duda left Komorowski behind by 1%. In the second round of the gap has amounted to 3%. The first place would be given to Poland because despitePolish commonelectoral geography, the elections were the biggest political sensation. And it has changed the political landscape in the whole of the country, marking the decline of "Civic Platform" domination.
|2||Ukraine||Local||October 25 - November 15||
Local elections do not usually deserve a high position in the rankings, but Ukraine is a special case. Voting was carried out in the regions, districts, and towns on the party list. The candidates for the heads of cities were majorly phenomenally competitive in their struggle.
The idea is that the double parliamentary elections in Greece hould be in the top-ten list, but the culmination of the Greek election season was a referendum on fiscal policy. It had great resonance in the world. However, the results were not even close, "No" has gained more than 61% of the vote.
|4||United Kingdom||Parliamentary||May 7||
Elections in United Kingdom generally fall on the status of the mark. But these elections proved to be very interesting: the triumph of the Scottish National Party, the complete failure of the Liberal Democrats. And most importantly - not quite the expected landslide victory of the Conservatives.
|5||Ireland||Referendum||May 22||Ireland became the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage through a popular referendum. Therefore, it takes a high place in the rankings. The polls and the results of the referendum showed once again that those who are "difficult to answer", in most cases, are opposed to gay marriage.|
|6||Croatia||Presidential||December 28 - January 11||High place of the election is the result of sensational results. President Ivo Josipović leaded in the polls enough confidently, although on the eve of the elections his advantage reduced. But in the first round he had only 1% more than the right candidate Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, who won with 50.7% in the second round.|
|7||Argentina||Presidential||October 25 - November 22||Argentina came with another surprise of this election season. For the first time in decades, the right opposition defeated the Peronists. "Successor" Kirchner Stsioli confidently leaded in the rankings, but in the first round he was ahead of Mauricio Macri only for a while. Macri won in the second tour with 51% of votes.|
|8||Venezuela||Parliamentary||December 6||Convincing victory of the democratic opposition in these elections was expected. In comparison with their president, the Maduro party made relatively good ranking - 41% of the vote under the proportional system. But because of the single-member districts, which previously helped Chavez, the opposition won almost two-thirds of the seats.|
|9||Turkey||Parliamentary||June 6, November 1||This year the parliamentary elections were held in Turkey twice, because the results of the first ones failed to form a government. At the first elections, the Kurdish People's Democratic Party finally overcame the barrier of 10%. And during the second elections the ruling Justice and Development Party has won a landslide victory and formed a government.|
|10||Israel||Parliamentary||March 16||The results of these elections were also quite unexpected. "The Zionist camp" led in the polls almost up to the elections, "Likud" Netanyahu got the most votes and formed the government.|