Donetsk and South Ossetia: Friendship of unrecognized republics

Author : Svyatoslav Bohdanov

Source : 112 Ukraine

Self-proclaimed DPR and South Ossetia signed Memorandum on cooperation in the field of information technologies and communications
11:16, 14 November 2016

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112 Agency

In June 2014 the only one who recognized the existence of "DPR / LPR" was "pseudo-republic" South Ossetia ( "RSO"). Since then, the "authorities" of these "states" made attempts to cooperate. However, there were tensions.

For example, the current leader of "DPR" Alexander Zakharchenko took a year to answer to South Ossetia. Only in May 2015 Zakharchenko signed a decree on recognition of the "Donetsk People's Republic" of the existence of Abkhazia and " RSO ". And in March when awarding him the first "Republican" passport, he said that the documents are already recognized by South Ossetia. And no matter that at the time Zakharchenko was the only "happy" owner of the document.

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Despite the languid two-year cooperation between the "pseudo-republics" recent months have seen some activity in the relationship of "DPR" and "RSO".

In particular, in late October, the head of the "Foreign Minister" of South Ossetia Murat Dzhioyev declared intentions of "RSO" to conclude with "DPR" and "LPR" memorandums on cooperation in the fields of education, economy, and trade.

November 4, 20116 "Foreign Minister" of DPR Natalia Nikonorova informed about the conduct of the Office of the active preparatory work for the signing of the big treaty of friendship and cooperation between Donetsk and Tskhinvali. In addition, she noted that "we are working on signing agreements in the legal field, processed cooperation in the economic area in terms of industry and mutual development."

And the next day in Donetsk was signed a memorandum in communications and mobile operators, according to the "Minister of Communications of DPR" Victor Yatsenko, preparing to build a cheap roaming between "DPR" and "RSO".

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Undoubtedly, these manifestations of "friendship" between the "DPR" and South Ossetia happen for a reason. But the question is whether this is just another phase of the formation of "statehood" in "republics" or there are other undercurrents?

There is no secret that for the formation of such illegal territorial formations as Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, Gagauzia, Transnistrian Moldovan republic, South Ossetia and actually Luhansk and Donetsk "People's Republics" is the Russian Federation.

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The reasons for this are numerous. For example, the formation of stable international relations of each of the "republics" even among themselves can be used by RF as a tool to institutionalize these entities in the international arena and further declination of the international community to recognize "pseudo-republics". Second, in the case of aggravation of confrontation between NATO and Russia, the latter will be able to use its position as unrecognized "daughter" for subversive activities in their respective countries with a view to weakening and distraction. For each of these "republics" broke away from the neighbor countries of NATO. In addition, the applicant also to join. And third, Russia consolidate its "satellites" will allow it to increase the impact on the local "leaders" and more efficient resource use and economic potential of these subdivisions.

The aforementioned statement of Dzhioyev concerning the prospect of Donbas goods production in South Ossetia and other cooperation in economy and trade corroborates the last idea. Russia is one of five countries that recognized the "RSA". We know that "national bank" of South Ossetia is working with the Central Bank of the Russian Federation on the basis of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance (2008). In addition, the "RSA" recent international clearing bank. This is a Russian financial institution, founded in 1994, is headquartered in Moscow. In the summer of 2015, the bank opened a branch in Donetsk.

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However, the relationship with separatist "government" of occupied Donbas still maintains only South Ossetia. All post-Soviet "pseudo-republics" recognize each other in different ways collaborate with each other and even members of the informal association called the Commonwealth of unrecognized states (CIS-2). It was created in 2001 for consultation, mutual coordination and joint actions of the self-proclaimed state formations on the territory of the former USSR. But the "DPR" and "LPR" are not included there yet. And old "quasi-republics" do not hurry to recognize its new "sisters." As well as Russia itself.

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Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Director of the Research Center of Russia Volodymyr Ogryzko noted that "Russia does not want to recognize the independence of DPR and LPR because it would be forced to take care of their security and support it financially. Also Russia would have political responsibility for everything that happens in Donbas. In addition, it will need to pacify the criminal area, which is currently already barely holding on Russian bayonets. So this recognition will create Russia a bunch of extra problems."

So, if Russia does not hurry to recognize Luhansk and Donetsk "people's republics", the other post-Soviet "pseudo-republics" follow this example. So to speak, to keep a single plan.

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However, RF needs Donbas forces, whose products provide separate spheres of the country's industry, such as engineering or metallurgy. But uncontrolled import of foreign goods to Russia could severely hit the economy of the state and even put Russia in a negative light in the eyes of the international community. It is better to create artless, but workable "gray" scheme of trade between "DPR" and Russia with the help of foreign contractors. And obviously, South Ossetia, is a sort of connector in this scheme.

Each country during its formation takes key steps such as developing its own legislation, formation of efficient army, issue currency, etc. Establishing international relations is an important element of state. And since the "DPR" has proclaimed itself as a "republic" and its desire to establish and strengthen international relations, even if only partially recognized by South Ossetia, is entirely logical. But to believe that this is the only reason for their "friendship" is like noticing only the tip of the iceberg.

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