According to the similar period of the last year, Ukraine has increased the purchase of the coal by 11% in the monetary terms.
Despite the annexation of Crimea and armed aggression in Donbas, Russia remains to be the main coal supplier. 61.91% of import in the sum of $1.67 billion accounts for the state-aggressor.
The U.S. occupies second place with 29.94% of import. Ukraine paid it $806.3 million.
Canada enclosed TOP3 with 4.78$ of import in the sum of $128.7 million dollars.
Ukraine has begun to suffer from the disruptions in the supply of coal from Donbas mines in summer 2014 when the active combat actions began in the east of the country. The militants backed by Russia seized the part of Donbas, where the majority of the mines are situated.
The Ukrainian enterprises purchased coal from occupied Donbas until February 2017, when the railway and road communication with occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions were blocked by the veterans of Donbas Conflict. The Cabinet of Ministers was forced to introduce the state of emergency in the energy sphere for one month due to the lack of anthracite.
Ukraine uses 24 million tons of coal per year and burns 30-40,000 tons of anthracite per day during cold time. 8 million of them were supplied from occupied regions of Donbas.
According to Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine on Energy and Infrastructure Volodymyr Kistion, Ukraine used half of the anthracite coal in 2017 in comparison with 2016 – 4.8 million tons.
There are 14 thermal power plants in Ukraine; six of them work on the anthracite coal and others use gas coal. It is planned to switch some of the plants for the use of the gas coal extracted at the territories controlled by Ukraine.
The Cabinet of Ministers studies the possibility of the decrease of the use of anthracite through the increase of the share of nuclear energy and hydropower in the energy balance of the country.
The Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry plans to increase the extract of the anthracite by the modernization and technical re-equipment of the mines from 5.8 million tons to 8.7 million tons. Despite the plans, the extract of the anthracite in January-November 2018 decreased by 14.2% (884.100 tons) up to 5.32 million tons.