In 2018, Belarus exported anthracite coal to Ukraine to the amount worth totally 50.36 million U.S. dollars (980 times more than in 2017). Meanwhile, the volumes of export of anthracite coal from Belarus to Ukraine grew by 340 times, making 8.82 million dollars in total. Radio Liberty reported that on Thursday.
In August 2018, Belarusian media expressed suspicions that the coal from the occupied Donbas comes to Belarus, bypassing Ukraine. Poland was considered the main consumer of this coal. Besides, there were assumptions that Belarus could be the transit country for this raw material.
An anonymous source in the energy sector of Ukraine assumed that the commercial structures are involved in the coal supplies; he stated there could be Ukrainian companies taking the coal to Ukraine, while the Russian companies could be taking coal to Europe. These companies enjoy the status of Belarusian residents, but they possess no Belarusian capital.
According to Ukraine's State Statistics Service, in 2018, Ukrainian companies bought coal in the EU, Africa and the Americas, as well as in Russia, Moldova and Kazakhstan. The official statistics, however, does not reflect the coal supplies from Belarus; the State Statistics Service avoided to answer the questions of Belarusian reporters, urging them to send the official information request in this regard.
Ukrainian experts maintain that the responsible Ukrainian companies could be doing this to diversity the supplies, sending them to Belarus. In this case, the Belarusian company could play as the re-exporter of coal, which was bought in Russia. This is also the way for minor thermal power plants to buy coal in Belarus.
There are two major consumers of coal in Ukraine - DTEK company, which belongs to Ukrainian oligarch Rinat Akhmetov, and TsentrEnergo.