On the evening of November 11, it became known that the National Anti-Corruption Bureau detained seven people, former and current officials of the National Bank of Ukraine, VAB Bank PJSC and private companies tied to the final beneficiaries of this bank. Among the detainees is Gontareva's former First Deputy, and Chairman of the Board of Raiffeisen Bank Aval, Oleksandr Pysaruk.
Oleksandr Pysaruk was born in 1965 in Mykolaiv. He received two higher educations - technical and economical. In 1988 he graduated from the My Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding, and in 1995 – from the University of Banking of the National Bank of Ukraine.
Pysaruk has been working in the banking sector since 1992. His first place of work was the bank ‘Ukraine,’ in which he moved from the Head of the Foreign Economic Activity sector in Mykolaiv region to the Director of the International Department of the entire credit organization.
In 1995-1997 he worked as the Head of the Department of Foreign Transfers and Head of the Department of International Payments, Head of the Correspondent Relations Department, and later became the Director of International Department of the same bank.
In 1998, Pysaruk transferred to ING Bank Ukraine (subsidiary bank of a Dutch bank ING), where he held the position of Head of Risk Management Department. From 2000 to 2001, he worked in Moscow and headed a similar division at ING Bank Eurasia.
In 2001, Pysaruk headed ING Bank Ukraine and remained in this position for seven years. During the same period (from January 2001 to December 2007), the future Chairman of the NBU Valeria Gontareva was the First Deputy Chairman of the bank.
In 2007-2010, he became CEO of ING Bank (Eurasia), and until 2014, he held the position of ING Bank's Regional Head in Central and Eastern Europe (Netherlands).
Since September 2014, Pysaruk was appointed to the post of First Deputy Chairman under Valeria Gontareva, which he held until December 2015. He explained his resignation saying that “his mission at the NBU is fulfilled.” From June 2016 to August 2019, he worked as a Senior Expert of Financial Sector at the International Monetary Fund.
He has been holding the post of Chairman of the Board of Raiffeisen Bank Aval since October 3, 2019. He replaced Volodymyr Lavrenchuk on this position.
Pysaruk is married and has three children.
Details of the case
In the evening of November 11, Novoe Vremia agency citing its own sources, reported that employees of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU) are in the office of Raiffeisen Bank Aval, where they plan to detain its Chairman of board Pysaruk. LIGA.net, citing a source at the Prosecutor General's Office, wrote that the bank was searched.
Soon ex-People's Deputy Serhiy Leshchenko informed that Pysaruk is figurant in the case on embezzling the refinancing of 48.9 million dollars allocated to one of the banks of agrarian oligarch Oleh Bakhmatyuk - VAB Bank PJSC. According to him, Bakhmatyuk maвe a down payment less than the amount needed to obtain a loan of 48.9 million dollars from the National Bank, after which the money was withdrawn from the bank and Bakhmatyuk fled from Ukraine.
A little while later, NABU published an official announcement, stating that seven people were detained on suspicion of seizing 48.9 million dollars of a stabilization loan from the NBU issued to the Bakhmatyuk’s bank.
“They are the former and current officials of the National Bank of Ukraine, VAB Bank PJSC and private companies tied to the final beneficiaries of VAB Bank,” NABU said.
The detainees are charged with misappropriation, embezzlement of property or misappropriation of property through abuse of office (Part 5 of Article 191 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine).
At night from Monday to Tuesday, he was released. It happened after he was notified of suspicion in stealing 48.9 million dollars of refinancing loan given to VAB Bank.
Former NBU Chairman Gontareva denies the guilt of her ex-first deputy. According to her, Pysaruk is not responsible for misappropriation of 48.9 million dollars of credit funds, issued by the regulator of VAB Bank PJSC, but the owner of financial institution Oleh Bakhmatyuk is.
“Arbitrariness and terror is getting stronger! Refinancing of VAB Bank was done with the outflow of deposits of natural persons and only to issue sums within the guaranteed amount to Deposit Guarantee Fund (DGF). So it's just another revenge!” Gontareva said.
She noted that she had learned from the media about the detention by NABU of seven officials of NBU, VAB Bank and private companies affiliated with VAB beneficiaries.
“Find my public speeches, including the last speech in the Verkhovna Rada on March 15, 2018, where I always talked about the shuffler Bakhmatyuk and his two banks! Instead of Bakhmatyuk and management of these banks, NABU detains Pysaruk, an honest man and a professional, a true reformer, who helped clean banking system,” Gontareva emphasized.
The NBU has not commented on the event. It is known that today, on November 12, the Supreme Anti-Corruption Court of Ukraine will choose a preventive measure for Pysaruk.