UN Monitoring Mission on Human Rights urges Ukraine to investigate the violation of civilians' rights during Ilovaisk tragedy in August 2014, as Fiona Fraser, the Representative of UN Monitoring Mission on Human Rights in Ukraine, noted in the report on violation of human rights and international humanitarian law committed during events in Ilovaisk in August 2014, 112.ua reports.
“Four years passed since Ilovaisk conflict, yet the sides of the conflict made limited steps on the investigation of possible violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, especially those committed against the civilians,” she said.
At the same time, Fraser welcomed the investigation of Ukraine’s General Prosecutor’s Office on cases of ill-treatment towards the Ukrainian military.
“We welcome the investigation of Ukraine’s General Prosecutor’s Office on the cases of tortures and ill-treatment towards the Ukrainian military by the armed groups, yet the majority of human rights violations, supposedly committed by the Ukrainian forces against the civilians, is not being investigated,” Fraser believes.
According to her, the General Prosecutor’s Office paid little attention to the investigation of the crimes against the civilians in particular.
“As I’ve said, Ukraine’s General Prosecutor’s Office conducted a certain investigation and, mainly, attention was paid to the violations committed against the Ukrainian military. Our report mainly focuses on the civilians. Therefore, we call, the Ukrainian Government, in particular, to conduct a quick effective investigation of these cases (violations against the civilians, - ed.), which occurred during the events near Ilovaisk,” she stressed.
Yet, Fraser realizes that Ukraine has limits in the investigation of these incidents because of the occupied territories in the East of Ukraine.
“We understand that Ukraine’s Government has some limits due to the restricted access. After all, we hope that the report will contribute to the investigation,” she concluded.
Fraser emphasized that the UN Mission officers questioned around 80 civilians in Ilovaisk who reported violations.
According to the UN report, 366 Ukrainian soldiers died, 429 were injured, 300 – taken captive during combat actions in Ilovaisk. Moreover, 36 civilians died and around 600 houses were destroyed then.
As it was reported earlier, Ukraine submitted information on Battle of Ilovaisk to the International Criminal Court. Also, Ukraine furnishes proofs on aggressive war held by Russia against Ukraine.
The Ukrainian militaries controlled the major part of Ilovaisk on August 18, 2014. But they were enveloped after the invasion of the Russian troops on August 23-24. The President of Russia Vladimir Putin appealed to the Russia-backed militants to make the humanitarian corridor for the Ukrainian troops on August 29. The Ukrainian militaries began to leave the city on August 30 but the militants shot them. According to the Ministry of Defense, 108 Ukrainian soldiers died and more than 100 were injured and captivated. According to the Military Attorney, 366 militaries died and 429 were injured.
The General Staff reported that this operation was not the breakthrough from the entrapment but the withdrawal under the guarantees of Russia.