Based on the investigation of the Russian invasion into Ukraine, overall 89 people were brought to criminal responsibility, out of which 43 are citizens of the Russian Federation. The information comes from a report on Ilovaisk tragedy, published on Prosecutor's General Office website on August 14.
According to the report, criminal charges were filed against 20 Russian officials, 11 of them from Russian Armed Forces (Minister of Defence Shoigu, his deputy Gerasimov, and nine more generals).
It is noted that these people are sought, the court gave permission for their arrest.
“41 indictments were sent to court concerning 45 people. Ukrainian courts have already sentenced 25 people, including nine Russian citizens, and three of them are Russian Armed Forces officers,” the message says.
The office also emphasizes that only in 2016-2017, over 800 Ukrainian military and other individuals were questioned on what they know about the Ilovaisk tragedy, and military crimes committed by the departments of the Russian Armed Forces.
It is also noted that 32 indictments concerning 33 individuals (12 of them Russian citizens) were sent to court. In 2016 and first half of 2017, the court has already sentenced 22 people (8 of them Russian citizens).
“Based on the results of the investigation of this period (2016-2017), criminal charges were filed against 55 people, including 32 citizens of Russia, for waging an aggressive war against Ukraine, and other military crimes,” the Prosecution emphasized.
The Battle of Ilovaisk was one of the key battles of the Donbas conflict that led to signing of the Minsk Protocol by the trilateral contact group. The battle took place in August 2014, when the Armed Forces of Ukraine and pro-Ukrainian paramilitaries began a series of attempts to capture the city of Ilovaisk from pro-Russian insurgents affiliated with the so-called Donetsk People's Republic (DPR). Whilst government forces were able to enter the city on 18 August, they quickly became encircled by the insurgents. After days of encirclement, government forces made an agreement with the Russia-backed mercenaries to allow them to retreat from the city. This agreement was not honoured, and many Ukrainian soldiers were killed while trying to escape the encirclement. Hundreds were killed, wounded or gone missing.
A criminal probe into the failure of government troops in Ilovaisk was opened in September 2014. Two months after the battle, many bodies of Ukrainian soldiers were still being found around Ilovaisk. According to head of the Parliament's investigation committee Andriy Senchenko, up to 1,000 soldiers died in the Battle of Ilovaisk.