To become President of the United States, a candidate must meet a few eligibility requirements and then enter the presidential race.
No person except a natural born Citizen,or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States. The constitution also prohibits anyone who is not yet 35 years of age from becoming president. The person must live in the United States for at least 14 consecutive years before you run for president.
The Constitution of the US says: “Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.”
The president is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States. The Twenty-second Amendment prohibits anyone from ever being elected to the presidency for a third full term. It also prohibits a person from being elected to the presidency more than once if that person previously had served as president, or acting president, for more than two years of another person's term as president.
Although not required, presidents have traditionally palmed a Bible while swearing the oath and have added, "So help me God!" to the end of the oath. Further, although the oath may be administered by any person authorized by law to administer oaths, presidents are traditionally sworn in by the Chief Justice of the United States.
Perhaps the most important of all presidential powers is the command of the United States Armed Forces as its commander-in-chief. While the power to declare war is constitutionally vested in Congress, the president has ultimate responsibility for direction and disposition of the military. The present-day operational command of the Armed Forces (belonging to the Department of Defense) is normally exercised through the Secretary of Defense, with assistance of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to the Combatant Commands, as outlined in the presidentially approved Unified Command Plan (UCP).
Along with the armed forces, the president also directs U.S. foreign policy. Through the Department of State and the Department of Defense, the president is responsible for the protection of Americans abroad and of foreign nationals in the United States. The president decides whether to recognize new nations and new governments, and negotiates treaties with other nations, which become binding on the United States when approved by two-thirds vote of the Senate.
The president is the head of the executive branch of the federal government and is constitutionally obligated to "take care that the laws be faithfully executed." The executive branch has over four million employees, including members of the military. The power of a president to fire executive officials has long been a contentious political issue. Generally, a president may remove purely executive officials at will. To manage the growing federal bureaucracy, Presidents have gradually surrounded themselves with many layers of staff, who were eventually organized into the Executive Office of the President of the United States.
The president also has the power to nominate federal judges, including members of the United States courts of appeals and the Supreme Court of the United States. However, these nominations do require Senate confirmation. Securing Senate approval can provide a major obstacle for presidents who wish to orient the federal judiciary toward a particular ideological stance. When nominating judges to U.S. district courts, presidents often respect the long-standing tradition of senatorial courtesy. Presidents may also grant pardons and reprieves, as is often done just before the end of a presidential term, not without controversy.
The state secrets privilege allows the president and the executive branch to withhold information or documents from discovery in legal proceedings if such release would harm national security.
The Constitution's Ineligibility Clause prevents the President (and all other executive officers) from simultaneously being a member of Congress. Therefore, the president cannot directly introduce legislative proposals for consideration in Congress. However, the president can take an indirect role in shaping legislation, especially if the president's political party has a majority in one or both houses of Congress. For example, the president or other officials of the executive branch may draft legislation and then ask senators or representatives to introduce these drafts into Congress. The president can further influence the legislative branch through constitutionally mandated, periodic reports to Congress. These reports may be either written or oral, but today are given as the State of the Union address, which often outlines the president's legislative proposals for the coming year. Additionally, the president may attempt to have Congress alter proposed legislation by threatening to veto that legislation unless requested changes are made.
Remuneration for the work of the president is written in the Constitution. The salary cannot be increased or decreased during the term for which he was elected. In addition, the US president cannot get any other money from the state. Currently, the US president's salary is 400 thousand dollars a year, it is set by law and cannot be changed.
Of course, the head of state uses the presidential motorcade. For example, the official car of US President Barack Obama's Cadillac is nicknamed "The Beast." It is made by concern General Motors. A car travels the world with the president. For its transportation using specially equipped transport aircraft.
The thickness of the armor, weight, power, and other important characteristics of the machine are kept in secret. Armor is so powerful that it is able to withstand direct shots from large-caliber weapons. Furthermore, there are oxygen cylinders in case of chemical attack.
The permanent White House staff serves the president and first family. On inauguration day White House workers say goodbye to the outgoing family a few hours before welcoming the new residents. On their final day in the White House, January 20, 1961, President and Mrs. Eisenhower exchange farewells with members of the staff. To help ease the transition of moving into the White House, the incumbent First Lady traditionally invites the spouse of the president-elect to tour the president's private quarters.
While there are many traditions that the incoming president will follow, each new leader knows this may well be the most important, memorable speech of his life. The incoming president carefully writes and/or edits the address to try to strike the precise tone desired for his presidency, to define the incoming administration's policy priorities in his own terms, and to establish a personal rapport with the citizenry. Even the Bible the president-elect selects to use for the oath of office can symbolize who he wants to be identified with, based on which earlier president or leader may have used that Bible.
Traditions behind the presidential inauguration January 23, 2013 by Mike Marshall President Obama Swearing In Official White House photo of Sunday's private swearing in The presidential inauguration is a day-long event comprising many smaller ceremonies and traditions, each steeped in the history of the 56 inauguration days that have preceded the one approaching on Jan. 21. Most people are familiar with events such as the procession to the capitol, the swearing-in ceremony, and the inaugural address, but these are just a few of the staples of a day packed to the limit with pomp and circumstance. Dr. Douglas Young, professor of political science and history, talks about some of the lesser-known traditions and the history behind this important day. Dr. Douglas Young Dr. Douglas Young What are a few of the more obscure events/traditions of the presidential inauguration? One Inauguration Day ritual dating back to 1837 is for the outgoing president and incoming president-elect to ride together to the Capitol for the new president to take the oath of office. This can be a tense ride if the two presidents are of different parties, especially if the president-elect just defeated the soon-to-be former president’s bid for re-election.
All US presidents except George Washington, lived in the White House - the official residence. Today, the White House, along with the adjacent territory covers an area of about 7.2 hectares. On six floors with 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms, 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8 staircases, and 3 elevators. There is also a tennis court, a golf course, a few treadmills, swimming pool, bowling alley and a cinema. The White House is ready at any time to submit a dinner for 140 people and more than 1,000 light snacks.
In the US, the size of the former president after leaving the White House is 200 thousand dollars a year. In addition, funding is provided a small staff of assistants: 150 thousand dollars in the first 30 months after retirement and 96 thousand in the future. President title is retained for a lifetime.
Presidents have the right to be treated in military hospitals, as well as the permanent protection of their families. Richard Nixon was the only president who has refused protection after the abdication.
The traditional occupations of retired US presidents are charity, social and literary activities. Recently, the media reported that Obama, completing service as head of state on January 20, may begin to work in the sphere of high technologies.