Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada continues the discussion of changes to the electoral legislation. And even there were attempts to change it immediately after the inauguration of the President of Ukraine. However, then the changes were failed.
Ukraine’s system of elections to the Verkhovna Rada
The current system is called proportional-majority (mixed).
Some MPs (225) are elected in the multi-member electoral districts, the other part (225) is chosen by the majority system of the relative majority in single-member constituencies. 26 majority districts are located in the temporarily occupied territories, so there will be no people's deputies from there.
What do parties and majoritarian candidates need to get to the Verkhovna Rada?
Parties need to overcome the threshold. At the moment it is 5%. That is, in order to get into the parliament and form a faction there, the political force needs to gain 5% + votes. Candidates need to simply win at the district where they are running. That is, to gain a greater percentage of support than opponents.
What are open and closed lists?
The issue of open party lists seems to be the hottest one. Ukrainian parliament uses closed lists system. Closed lists are a very common form in which a citizen votes for one of the proposed party lists entirely. That is, in the form in which the party presented it. An open list is a list within which a voter can also select one or more preferred candidates.
To determine the number of seats received by the party, the votes for all its candidates are summed, and the sequence number of each individual candidate is determined by the preferences of the voters.
What is a majority system? The system associated with the choice of a particular person (and not the party) in a particular constituency. The parliament tried to cancel it several times (including at the end of May, after the inauguration of Volodymyr Zelensky). But so far it is valid as part of the electoral system of Ukraine.