On May 18, Ukraine marks 72th anniversary of the deportation of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet government. The problems of the Crimean Tatar population have received the second round after the Crimea occupation by Russia. And the song of Ukrainian winner Jamala at the recent Eurovision Song Contest 2016, “1944”, told the world about the grief of her compatriots both in 1944 and 2014, and received a warm response.
“Modern European people are not indifferent, and are ready to hear about the pain of other people and are ready to sympathise,” – the Guardian newspaper quotes Ukrainian singer Jamala before the contest.
Let's learn more about the tragedy of the Crimean Tatars
Tatars are the indigenous people of Crimea, their settlements appeared on the peninsula in 13th century. In the early 18th century, there were an absolute majority of Crimean Tatars on the peninsula - 444 thousand, and two decades later, Crimean Tatars were the second largest population after the Slavs of the peninsula (in 1926 - 25.1% of the total population).
In 1922 the Soviet government officially recognized Crimean Tatars as the indigenous population of the Crimean Autonomous Republic. They were allowed to develop their culture: newspapers, magazines were issued in their language, educational institutions, museums, libraries and theaters used the native language too. Crimean Tatar language, along with the Russian was the official language of autonomy.
In 1944, the Crimean Tatar people were accused of treason and collaboration with Nazi occupiers. The deportation began at dawn on May 18, 1944. The employees of the NKVD (People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs) came to the Tatar houses and announced that they are being evicted from Crimea.nformal ban on the return of Tatars to Crimea was in force until 1989. Return to the indigenous population of Crimea was difficult and was accompanied by land conflicts with local residents, but 250 thousand people came back to the peninsula.
A new challenge for the Crimean Tatars started after Russia's annexation of Crimea in March 2014. Some of them left the peninsula because of persecution, others suffering from raids, trials and detentions. Some received a ban to the entry to Crimea, including the leaders of the Crimean Tatars Mustafa Dzhemilev and Refat Chubarov.
The struggle of the Tatar people for their land and their rights continues to this day.