The exit polls showed the peculiarities of voting in the second round of presidential elections, revealing regional and settlement, sexual, and educational issues. The results of the research are published on the website of the Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation.
The Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation, the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS), and the Oleksandr Razumkov Ukrainian Center for Economic and Political Studies conducted the study.
Volodymyr Zelensky won the most votes in the Eastern (87%) and Southern (85%) regions, slightly less in the Central (70%) and Western (57%) regions.
Petro Poroshenko has got his best result in the Western region (41%), while in the other regions it was significantly lower: Central – 28%, Southern – 13.5%, Eastern – 12%.
Zelensky has a tangible advantage in settlements of various types, most of all in cities with a population of 100,000 or more (87%), urban-type settlements (81%), cities with a population of less than 20,000 (80%), and in cities with a population of 50,000 to 100,000 (74%), in villages (73%). A slightly smaller percentage was received in regional centers (68%) and cities with a population of 20 to 47 thousand (64%).
Petro Poroshenko was supported by the voters of cities with a population of 20 to 49 thousand (35%) and in regional centers (30%) relatively more.
There is virtually no difference in support by gender.
However, voices differed by the age groups. Zelensky has the highest support among young voters: among voters aged 18–29 years old – 80%, 30–39 years old –73.5%, 40–49 years old –73%, 50–59 years old –72%, 60 years and older – 69.5%. Poroshenko’s support is higher among older voters: in the group of voters 18–29 years old –19%, 30–39 years old –25%, 40–49 years old –25%, 50–59 years old –26.5%, 60 years and older –29%.
Also, social scientists have found the difference in voting depending on education. Zelensky received the most votes among voters with incomplete secondary education (82%). Among voters with full secondary education, secondary specialized and incomplete higher education, support is about the same (78%, 75%, and 77% respectively), and slightly less (67%) among voters with a full higher education.
Petro Poroshenko had the best result among voters with higher education (31%), and the worst among voters with incomplete secondary education (16%).
Zelensky’s electorate is mainly concentrated in the Central and Southern regions (65%), while Poroshenko’s electorate dominates in the West and the Center in (61%).
A larger percentage of Poroshenko's supporters is concentrated in the regional centers (40% vs. 32% for Zelensky), and Zelensky's electorate is mainly the voters from the cities with a population of more than 100,000 (10% and 4% for Poroshenko).
Speaking about the electorate of Petro Poroshenko, people with higher education prevail (48%), in the structure of Zelensky’s electorate this category is significantly less (36.5%).
Recall, voting in the second round of presidential elections was held on April 21. Voter turnout in the second round of the presidential election was 62.07%. On April 30, the Central Election Commission announced the official results of the presidential election. Volodymyr Zelensky won with 73.22% of the vote.