The Day of Dignity and Freedom is celebrated on November 21 every year in Ukraine.
The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU should have been signed at a summit meeting of Eastern Partnership in Vilnius held through November 28-29, 2013. However, on November 21, the Ukrainian government decided to stop the preparation for signing the Association Agreement. On the same day, late at night, people started gathering at Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kyiv to protest against this government's decision
The History of the Revolution of Dignity in Ukraine is here.
Traditionally, Ukrainian authorities make a lot of statements this day blaming, accusing, praying, and so on.
Let’s see what was done - if anything had been ever done.
Let’s start with the history of the holiday
- The Day of Dignity and Freedom was established as a public holiday by the Presidential Edict of Petro Poroshenko in 2014.
- The Day of Dignity and Freedom is a kind of successor of another state holiday – Day of Freedom to commemorate Orange Revolution of 2004. It has been celebrated in 2005 – 2010 widely before the next president Viktor Yanukovych abolished it with his presidential decree.
- Nowadays, it’s a tradition to lay flowers at the Heavenly Hundred Memorial in Kyiv and hold other memorial ceremonies this day.
- In September 2018, the Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine took judicial proceedings against former fighters of Berkut special squad, charged with abuse of power during the Revolution of Dignity.
Earlier, the Prosecutors also completed an investigation against former Head of the Kyiv City Administration, head of public security at the Interior Ministry, and 13 other officers of the Kyiv department of Berkut special squad.
- In October, Prosecutor’s Office completed the pre-trial investigation in criminal cases against 4 ex-fighters of Berkut – the case of clashes on the night of 29 – 30 November at the Square of Independence in Kyiv.
Another officer of the Kyiv’s Berkut who is an acting police officer now was served with charge papers in illegal detention of the supporters of a peace rally on November 30, 2013.
- In November, another National Guard sniper was detained on suspicion of murder of Maidan activist in February 2014.
- Earlier in August 2018, Yuriy Lutsenko, Ukraine’s Prosecutor General, announced that the “investigation of mass shooting at Maidan was almost completed.
“Actually, we have got the legal permissions to hold special absentee investigation”.
- Before that, in February 2018, Serhiy Horbatyuk, the Head of the Special Investigations Office at the Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine, announced:
“27 investigators, 20 prosecutors, and 16 judges were serves with charge papers in illegal detentions and arrests of protesters. In total, 413 persons were served with charge papers, 208 of them are law enforcement officers.”
50 of them were found guilty, only two were jailed.
A month ago, on October 22, Serhiy Horbatyuk, the Head of the Special Investigation Office, stated that the investigators can’t hold the crime re-enactment on the Heavenly Hundred Alley due to the temporary memorial,
He mentioned that the relatives of the victims agreed to move the memorial, thought the Kyiv City Administration gives no response, thus disabling the investigative experiments.
So the Heavenly Hundred Memorial has been dismantled. The investigative experiments are planned to last for at least 16 days.