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Three years ago, on July 17, 2014, a Boeing 777 plane (Malaysia Airlines) was downed near Torez, Donetsk region, carrying MH17 from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur.
All 298 people on board were killed. The passengers of the flight were citizens of 10 countries, majorily citizens of the Netherlands.
To investigate the tragedy, an International Joint Investigation Team (JIT) was created, which included prosecutors and representatives of other law enforcement agencies of Ukraine, the Netherlands, Belgium, Australia and Malaysia, as well as Eurojust representatives. September 28, 2016, JIT has presented the results of a criminal investigation into the causes of the disaster.
According to it, the airliner of the MH17 flight was shot down by a 9M38 rocket launched from "Buk" self-propelled gun from an agricultural field near the village of Pervomaiske. At that time, the region was under the control of pro-Russian separatists. In October 2015, Dutch Safety Board published the results of the investigation, and said that the plane was shot down with the help of "Buk" system. However, the Dutch did not say who owned this weapon, and who fired a missile. Bellingcat said that "Buk" belonged to the Russian army, and it was brought to Ukraine from the Kursk region of the Russian Federation.
Experts found that part of "Buk" rocket hit the window of "Boeing". Also, a deformation was detected on the cockpit of the aircraft, and its shape completely coincides with the shape of the rocket, which was found by the team that participated in the investigation.
According to the international investigative team, the names of 100 suspects involved in the tragedy have already been identified, and they will be published before the beginning of 2018.
February 15, 2017, Bellingcat international independent investigation group published a report about the probable organizer of transportation of “Buk” complex to Donbas. The report states that it was handled by retired officer of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Russian Federation Sergey Dubinsky (call sign Khmury). According to the investigation team, under this callsign there is a man born in Donetsk, who fought in Afghanistan and at least until 2014, has been serving in the Russian GRU.
Sergei Dubinsky, callsign "Khmury" - alleged guilty in the crash of MH17
Dubinsky himself categorically denies involvement in the destruction of a passenger liner.
Some telephone conversations of "Khmury" were intercepted and published by the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU). SBU called this man Deputy of Igor Strelkov (one of Donbas separatists leader) for intelligence.
Earlier experts of Bellingcat came to the conclusion that part of the responsibility for the tragedy of MH17 is on the higher ranks of the Russian army. The list is headed by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu along with his two deputies - Valery Gerasimov and Arkady Bakhin. And also Russian President Vladimir Putin, who, according to the Constitution, is the supreme commander of the Russian Armed Forces.
In response, Russia called Bellingcat's investigation a "conspiracy theory".
Russian experts claimed that the missile was launched from the area near the villages of Zaroshchenske or Shyshivka of Donetsk region, which at that time were under the control of Ukraine.
According to the latest Bellingcat report, published by the third anniversary of the tragedy, the investigation is still looking for the two main suspects (callsigns - "Orion" and "Dolphin").
In July this year, it became known that the cases of suspects in the crash of MN17 "Malaysian Airlines" are planned to be considered in the Netherlands under the Dutch law.
July 16 this year, Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said that those responsible for the crash of the MH17 flight in Donbas can be convicted in absentia.
The Netherlands opens a memorial of the victims of the MH17 flight. The memorial is located near the Amsterdam airport "Schiphol;" it includes a monument, as well as 298 trees, symbolizing the number of deaths, and fields of sunflowers.