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The main advisory, directive and representative body of the United Nations was established in 1945. The Assembly consists of 193 member countries and is a forum for discussion of major international issues.
One of the main events of this session will be general debates and high-level meetings that will begin on September 19. President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko will address the plenary session of the General Assembly and the meeting of the UN Security Council.
Speeches, important, vivid, resonant, are the hallmark of the UN General Assembly session. During its existence, the world has listened to many speeches, which later played a great role in international politics. Some speeches have changed history.
We gathered some of the most famous speeches of world leaders in the UN. These speeches remain recognizable and historically important after many years.
"The devil came here yesterday, it still smells of sulphur today"
The speech of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez in 2006
The vivid speech of former Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez on September 20, 2006 was about the then US President George W. Bush. Chavez started his speech by demonstratively crossing himself, saying "the devil came here yesterday", meaning the head of the United States.
"The devil came here yesterday, yes, yesterday he was here, right here, and now it still smells of sulfur," the Venezuelan president said.
"Performance" of Chavez lasted for seven minutes and evoked different feelings, but he definitely strengthened his position in the group of "anti-Americanists."
"Philosophy of robbery": the longest speech at the General Assembly
Speech by Cuban leader Fidel Castro in 1960
"The philosophy of robbery" was delivered by Fidel Castro on September 26, 1960. It lasted for 4 hours and 29 minutes and was eventually recorded in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest-running statement in the history of the United Nations.
"When the philosophy of robbery disappears, then the philosophy of war will disappear," Castro concluded.
Olive branch and rifle
Speech by Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat in 1974
The leader of Palestine became the first head of the country, not part of the UN, who delivered a speech before the General Assembly. The main leitmotif of his speech was the call to give the Palestinians the right to sovereignty.
"Today I came to you with an olive branch of the world in one hand and a weapon of a freedom fighter in another." Do not let the branches of the world fall out of my hand," Arafat said.
"These are our proofs"
Speech by US Secretary of State Colin Powell in 2003
During his speech at the meeting of the General Assembly in 2003, the then US Secretary of State Colin Powell demonstrated a test tube in which, he said, anthrax was contained. In his speech, he tried to convince those present that Iraq was developing weapons of mass destruction. This was done in order to explain the need for an invasion of this country, which began several months later.
Later it became clear that Powell's report was completely fabricated.
"The charter states that all nations are equal, and are we also equal in the right of veto?"
Speech by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2009
In 2009, Gaddafi, dressed in Bedouin apparel, for an hour and a half (instead of the prescribed 15 minutes) has been sharply criticizing the UN.
During his speech, he has torn the text of the UN Charter and stated disagreement with the provision on the existence of five permanent members of the Security Council. Gadhafi called the body itself a "Council of intimidation," and the right of veto was described as "terrorism."
"After this speech, we will no longer have to obey the resolutions of the Security Council ... either we will continue to work together, or we will split into two camps - equitable united nations with their Security Council and great powers with their Security Council and the right of veto that they use each other against a friend," he stressed.