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Ukraine’s bill "On the reintegration of Donbas" was officially named "On the peculiarities of the state policy on ensuring the state sovereignty of Ukraine over the temporarily occupied territories in Donetsk and Luhansk regions." In such a way, President Poroshenko proposes to assign responsibility for events in Donbas to the Russian Federation and to call it an occupier. The bill also proposes to create a Joint Staff of the Armed Forces.
It is separately underlined that this initiative "does not harm Ukraine's inalienable sovereign right" for the Crimea, which is currently occupied by Russia.
The document suggests that the Russian Federation has initiated, organized, and supported terrorist activities against Ukraine. In particular, it carries out armed aggression against Ukraine. At the same time, this country rudely violates international agreements. In particular, Russia is responsible for the re-registration of enterprises in the occupied part of Donbas, introduction of ruble there, as well as issuance of illegal passports and plate numbers in the occupied territories of Luhansk and Donetsk regions. After all, occupation does not create any territorial rights for the Russian Federation.
According to the bill, occupied Donbas territories are:
- land and inland waters, where Russian armed forces and the Russian occupation administration are situated,
- the sea adjacent to the occupied territories,
- airspace over the said territories.
The legal status of the occupied Donbas is determined by this bill and international agreements. It is noted that the special procedure for ensuring the rights and freedoms of civilians operates in the occupied Donbas. At the same time, IDPs from Donetsk and Luhansk regions who left their homes still have the right to own all the property they had before the anti-terrorist operation.
The status of the Antiterrorist operation in Donbas turns into "measures to ensure national security and defense, curbing and repel Russian armed aggression in Donetsk and Luhansk regions."
Ukraine seeks to secure its sovereignty, namely, to liberate the occupied territories, to protect the rights of local residents, to ensure the unity and territorial integrity of the state. State bodies use all the opportunities to ensure it, but first of all – political and diplomatic ways. At the same time, they hold back the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in the east and develop the defense potential of Ukraine.
The basis for protecting the rights of residents of the occupied territories is the provision of humanitarian assistance, as well as access to Ukrainian media and legal protection. At the same time, the Cabinet of Ministers and the Ombudsman monitor violations of the rights of residents of the occupied territories, although Ukraine is not responsible for the actions of the Russian Federation in Donbas, because this is an aggressor country. Ukraine collects data in order to form a consolidated claim to Russia about responsibility for aggression.
Trying to restore sovereignty, Ukraine relies on Minsk agreements - and against the background continues to deter Russian aggression. That is why it involves Armed Forces, Security Service, intelligence, State Communications Committee, National Guard, border guards, state guard, State Transport Service, Ministry of Internal Affairs, National Police, rescuers of the State Emergency Service. The document provides for the creation of the Joint Operational Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which should replace the Antiterrorist Center of the Security Service (in this role).
The mandate of the headquarters is to plan, organize and monitor measures on repelling Russian aggression in Donbas. In particular, it would direct and coordinate the activities of civil-military administrations.
The document provides for amendments to a number of other laws. In particular, it adds those who defended the territory of Ukraine in accordance with the newly created draft law on the reintegration of Donbas to the list of participants in hostilities. The procedure for granting (and depriving) the veteran status is approved by the Cabinet, as well as status of disabled.
If martial law is imposed on parts of the territories in connection with Russian aggression, regional, district, and village councils might be replaced with military administrations. The document defines the powers of these councils in terms of martial law. The General Staff is involved in the preparation of the draft model implementation plan and maintenance of the legal regime of the military situation, manages the armed forces and other military or law enforcement agencies, organizes the activities of military administrations, commanders of the Armed Forces, operational command, command of military units and units of the Armed Forces (on the territory of the martial law). And the Joint Staff directs the Armed Forces and other military formations, which take part in military operations in Donbas.
Two presidential bills - "On the reintegration of Donbas" and “On the extension of the special order of local self-government in occupied parts of Donbas” were registered in Verkhovna Rada on October 4. The next day, the president withdrew the document and submitted a revised version. It clarified that a special order of self-government in occupied parts of Donbas would be launched only when Russia withdraws troops and equipment from the east of Ukraine.