Ukraine celebrates the St. Andrew’s Day on December 13.
The Bible says that Saint Andrew was the first apostle to follow Christ. Later, he brought his brother, the holy Apostle Peter, to The Savior.
According to the legend, Apostle Andrew preached in the Crimea, then came along the Dnieper to the place where Kyiv later arose. "The grace of God will shine upon these mountains: the great city will be here, the Lord will consecrate this land with holy baptism and will erect many churches here," said the Apostle to the disciples. Then he blessed the Kyiv hills and raised the cross.
The apostle also preached in the Greek city of Papros, where he healed many from diseases. The local ruler hated the apostle, calling his teachings insane, and sentenced Andrew to crucifixion. To make St. Andrew suffer longer, he was tied to a cross in X position, without hammering nails into his hands and feet.
The Day of Andrew the Apostle is one of the most mysterious, interesting day: people do the fortune telling and try to predict their future.
The people used to call this holiday Kalyta and considered it to be a holiday of young men, because on St. Andrew's night they were allowed to behave disgracefully. It was believed that girls could find out their fate at night. The feast of St. Andrew is a logical continuation of the youth festivities on the Saint Catherine's Day, where boys and girls are looking for their couple.
According to the traditions of our ancestors, girls and boys gathered in the same house on the evening of December 12. They were joking, telling interesting stories and played different games, and at night they did fortune telling.
Starting from this day, some prohibitions come in force and remain until the New Year or Baptism. You cannot sew and wind threads, so that "the animals do not wonder around the pens." It was believed that the violation of this ban would cause trouble for the whole family. According to tradition, if you celebrated St. Andrew’s Day specially well, you can expect good harvest.