Read the original text at 112.ua.
It has happened. January 29, the “Kremlin Report” was submitted to the US Congress. Now it is already possible to estimate what would happen at the output.
So, here are some points:
- 210 people were included in the "Kremlin Report"
- Among them are all the members of the Russian government, a number of names that earlier were not included in the sanctions lists (famous Russian businessmen), and those people, who in the opinion of the US Treasury, belong to Putin's entourage.
- As stated earlier, the published list DOES NOT MEAN automatic sanctions against the people from the list.
BUT (1): It is expected that the publication of the report should be followed by the concrete steps of the US authorities in this direction. Of course, after following all the necessary procedures (at least mandatory hearings in the three committees of each of the chambers: foreign affairs, finance, and banking).
BUT (2): Even though this list does not mean introducing automatic sanctions, the media has previously reported that many participants of the Russian Forbes take the risk of personal sanctions very seriously and are preparing for them.
In particular, The Bell drew attention to a compilation of the "list of oligarchs". According to lawyers, it was named the most effective way to protect assets - namely, divorce and transferring assets to the ex-wives. Hypothetically, this method can help to save businessmen’s family members from personal sanctions.
Since the publication of The Bell, the information in the media appeared that Oleg Deripaska, Roman Abramovich, and Kiril Shamalov (who is considered Putin's son-in-law) have divorced their wives. And it is still unknown, whether it is connected with the risk of sanctions.
Who has prepared the "Kremlin Report"?
The report was prepared by the US Treasury. The submission of this list to the Congress was a mandatory item for the implementation of the Sanctions Act (which was adopted earlier).
The document is divided into two parts: 114 large officials and heads of Russian state companies, as well as 96 Russian oligarchs.
Previously, the media called the approximate surnames of those who eventually might be included into these lists.
After publication, it can be argued that almost everyone was included in the “Kremlin Report”. Well, or almost everyone except Putin.
The list includes all the Russian government headed by Dmitry Medvedev, the head of the presidential administration Anton Vaino, the leaders of the Federation Council and the State Duma, the heads of major state companies (for example, the head of Rosneft Igor Sechin), as well as ALL businessmen that have one billion dollars (according to the Russian Forbes list).
Here are some names.
"Quota" of the government: Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.
Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin
"Quota" of presidential administration: head of the Presidential Administration Anton Vaino, Deputy Prime Minister Vladislav Surkov, Putin's press secretary Dmitry Peskov, presidential adviser Sergei Glazyev.
Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov
Other major officials and civil servants: the State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin, the Speaker of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko, the head of the Investigation Committee Alexander Bastrykin, the head of the Federal Security Service Alexander Bortnikov, the head of Rosgvardia Viktor Zolotov, the Prosecutor General Yury Chaika, Moscow’s mayor Sergei Sobyanin.
Speaker of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko
The list also includes the head of Rosneft Igor Sechin and the head of Gazprom Alexei Miller, as well as the leaders of VTB and Sberbank Andrei Kostin and German Gref.
Head of Rosneft Igor Sechin
"Quota" of the oligarchs: Alisher Usmanov, Roman Abramovich, Suleiman Kerimov, the head of Lukoil, Vagit Alekperov, Oleg Deripaska, Mikhail Prokhorov, Arkady and Boris Rotenberg, Gennady Timchenko, Oleg Tinkov, Sergei Galitsky, Vladimir Potanin.
Businessman Roman Abramovich
The list also includes the creator of Kaspersky Lab Evgeny Kaspersky, the head of Yandex Arkady Volozh and the former co-owner of the Mail.ru Group Yuri Milner.
First Deputy Chairman of the Defense Committee, Franz Klintsevich, commented for TASS:
“In fact, it includes almost all significant figures of the country. I cannot predict what will happen next after publishing this list, but its very appearance does not have precedents in world history. The US grossly violated all possible principles of relations between states, making cooperation in various spheres with Russia is almost impossible.”
Vice Prime Minister Yuriy Trutnev commented for RBC: "It would be very disappointing not to get into such a company."
Head of the Presidential Council for Human Rights (HRC), president’s adviser Mikhail Fedotov commented for RIA Novosti:
"In 1991, in 1993, my name was already included in the "hit list", now I have appeared in this kind of list. And I have a question: on what basis did they include people in it?"
Russian Ambassador to the US Anatoly Antonov
Russian Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Antonov in an interview with Russia 24:
"By the way, I will remind you that I am the only ambassador in the world - I say this proudly - that is under sanctions. I am under the sanctions of the EU and Canada, here is my question: why do those politicians, those who impose sanctions on Russia, think that we will turn tail and stop defending our positions? "
The evolution of the comments of a member of the Federation Council Vladimir Jabarov is worth mentioning.
Before the publication of the list: "I consider this sanction list an absurdity, which I do not pay attention to. I think that those who will be affected by the new sanctions will not pay attention to them either," Jabarov told to RIA Novosti.
After the publication of the list: "Formally, our countries have relations. But the including virtually all the leadership of our country in the sanctions list means that these relations are actually broken," Jabarov said to RIA Novosti.
There are several interesting opinions.
So, the correspondent of the Financial Times in Moscow Max Seldon writes that the list of oligarchs is "strange."
According to him, “it includes several people who have had their businesses taken away by the Kremlin, like Daniil Khachaturov and the Ananiev brothers, as well as people who are there for no apparent reason, like Yandex's CEO Arkady Volozh.”
The US has added 210 names to its "oligarch list" ahead of possible new sanctions. Abramovich and Usmanov are there alongside state industry titans like Rosneft's Igor Sechin, Sberbank's Herman Gref, VTB's Andrei Kostinhttps://t.co/0iUNHOdKsX— max seddon (@maxseddon) 30 січня 2018 р.
“The list'll be uncomfortable for many oligarchs who have tried to reorient themselves to the west. Alfa Group's Mikhail Fridman and Aven have spent years distancing themselves from the Kremlin, and proudly pointed to Victoria Nuland saying they didn't need to be sanctioned,” he added.
Michael McFaul, the former US ambassador to Russia, echoed this idea too: “Cant figure out logic of list. Also cant figure out why people in Russia seemed so freaked out about it. Whats the big deal?”
I agree. Cant figure out logic of list. Also cant figure out why people in Russia seemed so freaked out about it. Whats the big deal? https://t.co/qWE9t6MdEP— Michael McFaul (@McFaul) 30 січня 2018 р.
According to the American journalist Christina Wilkie, “Russian influencers like this one are still out to discredit the Treasury list as a joke.”
Bombshell or not, Russian influencers like this one are still out to discredit the Treasury list as a joke.— Christina Wilkie (@christinawilkie) 30 січня 2018 р.
That’s wrong. The impacts are very real.
As soon as US Treasury names someone, banks, investors and governments become far less likely to do business with that person. https://t.co/tnREq1z8dd
What’s next? We are expecting for hearings and expectations for further steps. The publication of the "Kremlin Report" took place against the backdrop of the White House's refusal to impose sanctions against countries that buy weapons from Russia, as demanded by a law on sanctions.
And it brings additional intrigue into the further situation.