Guaranteed authorities: What do Ukraine's presidential candidates compete for?

Author : News Agency

Source : 112 Ukraine

2019 is an election year for Ukraine. Ukrainians will select a new president on March 31
20:21, 17 January 2019

Open source

The official start of the presidential election campaign in Ukraine was announced the last day of 2018. As of January 4, six candidates had already submitted documents to the Central Electoral Commission (CEC). One of them, Volodymyr Ratush, was denied to get on the list. The first registered candidate was Ukraine’s Former Minister of Ecology Ihor Shevchenko.

According to the rules, the election campaign of a candidate is allowed from the day after his registration until midnight on March 29, 2019.

Related: Meet 39 candidates running for president in Ukraine

The elections to be held on March 31. The president in Ukraine is elected for 5 years. The same person cannot be elected to the presidency for more than two consecutive terms. Here are the key details you need to know about this issue:

Ukraine has a parliamentary-presidential form of government.

Over the years of independence, the form of government has changed several times.

Ukraine’s Constitution, as amended by President Kuchma, provided for a presidential-parliamentary form of government.

In 2004, a constitutional reform was carried out, providing for a transition to a parliamentary-presidential form of government. Thus, the powers of the president were significantly limited.

 In 2010, the Constitutional Court reinstated the "presidential-parliamentary" Constitution.

Related: 850 OSCE observers to work during presidential election in Ukraine

In February 2014, after the completion of the Revolution of Dignity, the Verkhovna Rada renewed the Constitution in the 2004 edition (with the parliamentary-presidential form of government).

Ukraine’s President authority

Ukrainian head of state can:

- submit the Minister of Defense and Minister of Foreign Affairs for approval by the Verkhovna Rada of two members of the Cabinet.

But cannot:

-independently appoint or submit to the Verkhovna Rada for approval the other candidatures (including the prime minister).

Related: World's most interesting elections in 2019

According to the Constitution

A coalition is being created in the parliament, which proposes the candidacy of the prime minister to the president. The president is obliged to return it to parliament for approval within 15 days. He cannot change the candidacy.

In addition, the president cannot dismiss any of the ministers either. This is the prerogative of the Verkhovna Rada.

Ukrainian head of state can:

Appoint the command of the army and secretary of the National Security and Defense Counsil (NSDC).

But cannot

Deal with the personnel in the Internal Troops and the National Guard. This is the prerogative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Related: How Ukraine’s next president can turn the country around

Ukrainian head of state can:

Appoint and dismiss the heads of the Security Service of Ukraine and the Prosecutor General’s Office (with the consent of the Rada), and appoint the head of the State Border Service on the proposal of the Prime Minister.

Appoint and dismiss from the posts half of the composition of the National Bank Council;

Appoint and dismiss from the posts half of the National TV Company of Ukraine;

Appoint a third of the composition of the Constitutional Court;

Send to the Parliament a proposal on the appointment of CEC members.

But cannot

Form the leadership of the State Property Fund and the Anti-Monopoly Committee. This is the competence of the government and the parliament.

President of Ukraine is obliged to coordinate the majority of personnel decisions with the Verkhovna Rada.

Related: Ukraine not to accept applications of Russian OSCE observers in presidential elections

Foreign policy

The President directs the foreign policy of the country.

Among other things, he can:

- Negotiate and conclude treaties, make decisions on the recognition of foreign states, appoint and dismiss ambassadors in other states and at international organizations, accept letters of credence and revocables of diplomatic representatives from other countries.

- Veto laws. Prematurely terminate the powers of the Verkhovna Rada. Initiate a declaration of a state of emergency in the country, present state awards, the highest military ranks, and assign diplomatic ratings. Make a pardon. Decide on the adoption of citizenship of Ukraine and the termination of citizenship of Ukraine, as well as the granting of asylum.

At the same time,

Verkhovna Rada can overcome the veto (with 300 votes). The president can terminate the powers of parliament only in three cases: if deputies cannot form a coalition within 30 days, if they cannot open a meeting within 30 days of a regular session and if they cannot form a Cabinet of Ministers for two months.

And the declaration of the state of emergency (as well as of martial law) must be supported by the parliament.

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