From militant battalions to "VKontakte": Who is targeted by the Ukrainian sanctions?
President Poroshenko imposed economic and other sanctions against 1228 individuals and 468 legal entities
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Ukraine actually imposed sanctions against Russia for the first time in 2015, a year after the conflict began. Initially, 388 physical and 105 legal entities fell under these sanctions, but in the future they expanded.
Now, restrictive measures embrace numerous companies of Russia, Ukraine, and occupied Crimea.
The list includes several dozen defense companies, in particular, the Almaz-Antey concern, which developed and assembled the Buk anti-aircraft missile system, which hit the Malaysian Boeing in Donbas. "Rosoboronexport", which deals with the export and import of products, technologies and military and dual-use services.
Public joint stock company "KamAZ", open joint-stock company "Helicopters of Russia", "Kazan Helicopter Plant" are also subjected to sanctions.
They are banned for one year on the territory of Ukraine, and their assets are blocked.
Oil company Bashneft for one year is prohibited from participating in privatization and leasing state property of Ukraine. For one year "Russneftedobycha" is limited from conducting trading operations in the country. Neftetransservis also cannot do trade operations, complete cessation of transit of resources, flights and transportation are introduced, fulfillment of economic and financial obligations is suspended.
Almost 30 Russian banks were sanctioned: Gazprom Bank, Bank of Moscow, and Russian National Commercial Bank. It is about blocking the assets for a period of one year, suspending the fulfillment of economic and financial obligations (prohibition to provide loans, loans, financial assistance, guarantees, prohibition to lend through the purchase of securities, prohibition of the securities purchase).
More than two dozen Aviation companies and aviation plants of the Russian Federation have been also included to the Ukrainian sanctions list. Aeroflot, Gazprom Avia, Transaero, Ural Airlines, UTair, RusLine have been banned for one year by flights, as well as transit by the territory of Ukraine, by the way, the air communication between Ukraine and Russian Federation has been terminated since October 2015.
Television and radio
Russian media holding RBC, Zvezda, TNT, Moscow Media, Russia Today (RIA Novosti), Nashe Radio, and NTV-Plus have been subjected to the three-year ban. Broadcasting of NTV, Channel One, Russia 24, RTR-Planet is banned for one year.
Internet and IT
This year, for the first time, Ukraine imposed sanctions on Russian Internet companies. First of all, we are talking about blocking access to "Yandex", both Ukrainian and Russian. Also, social networks VKontakte and Odnoklassniki will be blocked and access to Mail.ru to be closed. The ban was introduced for three years.
In addition, Russian manufacturer of antivirus software, Kaspersky Lab and Doctor Web, are also under the sanctions. Providers are not allowed to provide services to access users to these resources.
Sanctions in this area include blocking of assets - the temporary restriction of the human right to use and dispose of the property belonging to it; restriction of trading operations; prevention of the withdrawal of capital outside Ukraine; suspension of the fulfillment of economic and financial obligations; restriction or termination of the provision of telecommunications services and the use of public telecommunications networks.
In addition, the state prohibits implementation of public procurement of goods, works and services from these legal entities. Issuance of permits, licenses to import into Ukraine or export from Ukraine currency values is terminated and issuance of cash on payment cards is restricted. Transfer of technology, rights to objects of intellectual property rights are also prohibited.
In Ukraine, Russian developer of solutions in the field of text recognition and linguistics will also be banned ("ABBYY" and "Abi Ukraina LTD")
Sanctions are imposed on suppliers of popular ERP-systems LLC "1C", LLC "Corporation" Parus ", CJSC" Galaxy Center".
Enterprises of Crimea
A separate section in the list of the National Security and Defense Council are imposed on enterprises of the occupied peninsula, including the international airport "Simferopol", the Kerch Sea Port, the design office of "Chornomorets", the plant "Fiolent", "Crimean Railway", KRYMAVTODOR, "Champagne Wine Factory "New World","Massandra", several shipbuilding plants. Crimean state sanatoria turned out to be on the sanction list. Ukraine has blocked their assets, restricted trade operations, prevented withdrawal of capital from Ukraine, stopped implementation of economic and financial obligations, cancelled the licenses and other permits, and prohibited public procurement of goods, works and services from legal entities.
Battalions of militants
The sanctions list also includes several public organizations that assisted DPR/LNR militants, as well as their battalions themselves: Kalmius, Zorya, Somalia, Smert’, Death, Sparta, Brigade "Prizrak" and others. In relation to them, annual restrictive measures have been introduced in the form of blocking assets.
The President's decree on imposing the sanction should be promulgated in official printed publications and the next day it would enter into force.