Read the original text at 112.ua.
President Petro Poroshenko said on Sunday that Ukraine had never witnessed such a level of freedom as now, but May 16 signed a decree that blocks Russian social networks "Odnoklassniki" and "VKontakte" in Ukraine, as well as "Yandex" search engine and postal service Mail.Ru. If this decree is implemented, the country would in fact be on the same level with China or North Korea, which also use to ban the social networks, especially those developed by other states. 112.ua has chosen the top 10 countries where such restrictions are already applied.
In legal terms, North Korea the most closed country in the world. Social networks are blocked there since the appearance of the Internet. And in general, the country has limited access to the network. Logically, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, not to mention "Odnoklassniki" or "VKontakte" do not work there. In May last year, a North Korean version of Facebook called StarCon.net.kp appeared, but a day later it disappeared.
China is very jealous of social networks developed by the other countries. Google, Flickr, Dropbox, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, partially Wikipedia, are blocked in China, and residents use Chinese equivalents. Access to a number of foreign websites from China is limited as part of the Golden Shield project (the so-called Great Chinese Firewall), which has been running since 2003.
In Iran, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube are blocked since 2009. There is one of the most stringent censorship of Internet sources in the world. In 2013, open access to Facebook and Twitter, but they worked only 1 day. Authorities even voiced an idea of complete ban of the Internet.
Pakistan is constantly confronted with the problem of access to Facebook and YouTube. The reason in most cases are materials in which the authorities perceive the anti-Islamic context. And in 2013, instant messengers Skype, Whatsapp, Tango, and Viber were blocked in the country for three months. The applications were blocked due to the threat of terrorism.
Vietnam often limits access to Facebook. There is no complete shutdown, but the service is intermittent. The government carefully monitors the information on the network, for example, recently the authorities restricted access to Facebook for the time of protests due to the death of fish. The country was actually banned from spreading unsolicited news on social networks, and users could face a fine of $ 5,000.
Saudi Arabia periodically fights against Facebook and YouTube. Citizens are encouraged to actively say about "immoral" sites, so they can be blocked. The country blocked access to "Wikipedia" and even Google Translate for some time. In 2012, access to YouTube was completely closed, but now there are no restrictions.
Egypt became famous for disabling the entire Internet during the "Arab Spring" in 2011. Twitter and Facebook were repeatedly blocked. And the scandalous film "Innocence of Muslims" deprived the Egyptians of YouTube for a whole month.
In Venezuela, demonstrators are also fighting by disabling access to the network. For example, two years ago in the riot-ridden city of San Cristobal the Internet was completely cut down. Authorities even asked Twitter to block accounts that publish the dollar on the "black" market. The government once disconnected images on Twitter during the protests, and the providers were forced to block opposition websites.
Turkmenistan is also called one of the most closed countries. It has repeatedly blocked Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, as well as instant messengers Whatsapp and Wechat. Vk.com does not work too. Internet and mobile communications in the country are carried out through state organizations, which allows the authorities to block the flow of information. Recently, users of Line and "Odnoklassniki" were summoned to the Ministry of National Security for "conversation", they were checked for involvement in groups discussing political and social problems.
In Turkey, there is no official ban on the use of social networks, but every time a state of emergency is launched in the country, like a failed military coup or frequent acts of terrorism, Twitter is immediately blocked. Twitter and YouTube were repeatedly blocked by a court decision, but later the ban was lifted. The republic also practices a ban on media coverage of terrorist attacks.
Would Ukraine appear on this list? Does banning social network vk.com means European integration?