The National Guard of Ukraine was created by the law "On the National Guard of Ukraine" dated November 4, 1991. In the 90s of the last century, the subdivision existed as an independent power structure, however, it was dissolved by the law of Ukraine "On the disbandment of the National Guard of Ukraine" of January 11, 2000.
After the "green men" appeared in the Crimea, in March 2014, it was decided to revive the National Guard of Ukraine. On March 12, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine voted to re-establish the National Guard. 262 deputies voted for the corresponding draft resolution.
On June 16, 2014, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine issued an order that directed the formation of volunteer units of the National Guard. The structure of the National Guard included: a battalion of reservists named after General Kulchytsky, formed from representatives of Maidan self-defense; the Donbas special purpose battalion of reservists, formed on the basis of the 1st company of Donbas volunteer battalion of the territorial defense in the Donetsk region; and Azov division of special purpose.
Today, the National Guard exists as a military unit with law enforcement functions based on the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. At the same time, the military leadership of the Guard is carried out by the commander of the National Guard of Ukraine, who is appointed by the President of Ukraine on the proposal of the Minister of Internal Affairs. Today, the commander is Lt. Gen. Yuri Allerov. The total number of the National Guard is up to 60 thousand people.
March 18, 2015 the Day of the National Guard of Ukraine was established by the decree of the President of Ukraine.
What does the National Guard do?
The National Guard of Ukraine has a wide list of duties, including:
- protection of life, rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens, society and the state, protection of the constitutional system of Ukraine and the integrity of its territory;
- performance of tasks on territorial defense;
- the conduct of hostilities in the event of an armed conflict or the threat of an attack on Ukraine;
- suppression of the activities of illegal militants or armed groups, terrorist organizations, organized groups and criminal organizations;
- participation in antiterrorist operations;
- escorting persons taken into custody and / or sentenced to imprisonment to the Supreme Court of Ukraine, the Supreme Specialized Court of Ukraine and temporary detention facilities, as well as security in the courtroom;
- convoy of persons taken into custody and / or sentenced to imprisonment during their extradition;
- participation in the search, prosecution and detention of persons taken into custody, persons sentenced to imprisonment or arrest, who escaped from custody.
- implementation of legal measures during martial law. Since the introduction of the martial law, the National Guard has been subordinate to the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. At the same time, military units that carry out escort, extradition and protection of defendants during martial law remain subordinate to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine;
- protection of public order, including during meetings, rallies, processions, demonstrations;
- protection of diplomatic missions, consular offices of foreign states;
- protection of special cargoes, including nuclear materials, during their transportation through the territory of Ukraine;
- assistance in eliminating the consequences of natural, man-made, environmental disasters;
- participation in activities related to the termination of armed conflicts and other provocations on the state border;
- participation in international cooperation, international peacekeeping and security operations on the basis of international treaties.
National Guard during conflict in Donbas
Since April 2014, the personnel of the National Guard in cooperation with the Armed Forces of Ukraine participated in the Anti-Terrorist Operation in the east of Ukraine. And since the spring of 2018, the National Guard fighters are participating in the Joint Forces Operation.
On April 15, 2014, a reserve battalion with up to 350 people was sent to the Slovyansk region. The unit consisted of reservists and members of the Maidan self-defense. On April 24, 2014, another attempt to clean Slovyansk from the pro-Russian formations took place. The soldiers of the Omega subdivision, with the support of armored personnel carriers and helicopters, destroyed several checkpoints of the pro-Russian formations, but later the offensive stopped.
In early May 2014, units of the National Guard, together with the paratroopers eliminated a number of enemy checkpoints, and in their place the Ukrainian military set up their own. Volunteers of the National Guard 1st battalion stand on the new Ukrainian roadblocks.
In addition, the National Guard participated in the battles for Mariupol. On May 9, 2014, the guardsmen took part in an operation to storm the building of the Mariupol central board of internal affairs. And on May 13 of the same year, 150 fighters of the Azov special battalion, 2 companies of the Dnipro special battalion, 2 companies of the special unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs conducted a special operation in Mariupol. During it, the key militant support points were eliminated, military equipment was destroyed and control over all captured structures, in particular the city council building, was restored.
On May 29, 2014, terrorists shot down a Mi-8MT helicopter of the National Guard of Ukraine, which, after unloading food and carrying out personnel rotation, was returning from the Karachun mountain in the Slovyansk region. 12 people were killed - six servicemen of the National Guard of Ukraine, including two members of the helicopter crew and six - representatives of the special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, among them Major General Serhiy Kulchytsky.
Since the outbreak of hostilities in Donbas, more than 200 national guardsmen have been killed, about 800 more have been wounded. During this time, about 5 thousand soldiers of the National Guard were awarded for courage and heroism, of which about 100 were awarded state awards posthumously.
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