Ukrainian elections are near, but when exactly? And, actually, what kind of elections are we talking about? Who can be a candidate and who can vote? What is the procedure, what does the election process look like, and does it have any interesting features?
When will the next elections take place in Ukraine?
In the 2019 year. Ukraine would hold both presidential and parliamentary elections.
According to the law, elections of the President of Ukraine are scheduled for March 31, 2019.
Elections to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine should be held on October 27, 2019.
Occasionally, there were rumors about the possible holding of early elections (primarily to the Verkhovna Rada), but as of now, such a decision was not adopted.
Those presidential and parliamentary elections, which are waiting for Ukraine in 2019, are called regular.
The next presidential and parliamentary elections are held in connection with the end of the constitutional term of office of the head of state and the Verkhovna Rada.
President elections. Main stages
The Verkhovna Rada appoints the next election of the President of Ukraine by adopting an appropriate resolution not later than 100 days before the election day. That is, the decision on the appointment of elections must be made before December 21, 2018.
A citizen of Ukraine who has reached the age of thirty-five, who has the right to vote, who speaks the state language and resides in Ukraine for the last ten days before the election day, might be elected President of Ukraine.
The CEC announces the beginning of the electoral process by taking a decision not later than 91 days before the voting day.
Thus, considering that the election process of the next presidential election in Ukraine begins 90 days before the voting, this falls on December 31, 2018.
Stages of the electoral process:
- Nomination and registration of candidates;
- Formation of the local, district election commissions;
- Carrying out election campaigning;
- Establishment of special polling stations that exist on a temporary basis;
- Compiling voter lists, checking and clarifying them;
- Voting on election day;
- Counting the votes of voters, determining the results of voting and the results of presidential elections in Ukraine and their official announcement;
- Termination of powers of district and precinct election commissions.
The CEC forms election commissions no later than 40 days before the election day (that is, until February 18, 2019), precinct election commissions are formed no later than 18 days before the election day (until March 13, 2019).
The nomination of candidates for the presidency by parties and self-nomination begins with the first day of the electoral process.
A candidate needs to make a cash deposit for his registration – 2.5 million hryvnias (almost 100 thousand USD).
Submission of documents for registration as a presidential candidate ends 50 days before the election day.
As a result, Ukraine should know the names of all presidential candidates by February 8, 2019.
However, no later than 23 days before the election day, a candidate for the presidency might apply to the CEC for the withdrawal of his candidacy from the election.
Election campaigning of the candidate begins the day after he is registered with the CEC and ends at midnight on the last Friday before the voting day.
The voting day lasts from 8 am to 8 pm. The CEC should determine the election results within 10 days, but not later than on the third day after the receipt of all protocols on the results of the voting.
Verkhovna Rada elections
Regular elections to the Ukrainian parliament take place on the last Sunday of October of the fifth year of the Verkhovna Rada. In this case, it is October 27, 2019.
A citizen of Ukraine who has reached the age of twenty-one, who has the right to vote and has been residing in Ukraine for the last five years, may be elected as a deputy.
The election process, similarly to the rules for presidential elections, begins 90 days before the voting. In this case, it is July 29, 2019.
Stages of the electoral process:
- Compiling and clarifying voter lists;
- Creation of electoral districts (according to the legislation, the CEC publishes data about single-mandate constituencies no later than 175 days before voting day);
- Establishment of polling stations;
- Creation of election commissions (district election commissions are established not later than 62 days before voting day);
- Nomination and registration of candidates for deputies;
- Carrying out agitation;
- Counting of votes;
- Establish results;
- Termination of the activities of election commissions.
There are two options for nomination: from the party (list) and self-nomination (majority system). To register a candidate a person must pay a deposit. If a candidate is nominated by a party, it becomes responsible for the payment of the pledge, in case of self-nomination, the candidate himself should pay the amount (about 15 thousand hryvnias or 55 USD).
Important: The society is still discussing changes in the legislation regarding the parliamentary elections. There have already been attempts to adopt the relevant draft laws, but they were failed.
However, given that there is still plenty of time before the parliamentary elections, it is possible that there will be new attempts to change the legislation. At least, the consideration of the new electoral code might be scheduled for this autumn.
Who can vote in the elections?
Citizens of Ukraine, who turned 18 at the time of the elections. Citizens who are recognized as legally incapacitated cannot vote.
Read the original text at 112.ua.