The reasons for losing positions are difficult economic situation in the country, annexation of Crimea and crisis in Eastern Ukraine, where infrastructural damage took place.
“Ukrainian telecommunication market suffered due to difficult economic situation and the crisis after annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, as well as the crisis in Eastern Ukraine. Other internet access barriers include: infrastructure losses in Eastern part, internet limitations and mobile access in a part of the country,” – the message says.
Dozens of Ukrainian websites were censored on Donbas territories controlled by militants. At the same time, it was noted in the organization that unlike traditional media, the access to online content on the territory controlled by Ukrainian government did not experience significant impact from the Russian occupation of Crimea and its participation in the war in the East.
“Online discussion forums and social networks continue to be exposed to “partisan voices” on both sides, comments paid by Russia and self-censorship caused by fear,” – human rights activists noted.
The report says that Ukraine does not block social networks, but there are cases of access restriction to the information and arrests of bloggers and activists.
In addition, the organization pointed out that officials were more often attempting to influence social networks and deal with anti-Ukrainian rhetoric, arrest users with separatist and extremist statements.
They also emphasized that security of thousands of journalists was threatened due to the information leak about their accreditation in Donbas. Obviously, this is about the distribution of personal data by the Myrotvorets website.