Experts of the EU mission, which are currently visiting Ukraine, praised the work of Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs concerning drug situation stabilization.
Eight missions of the European Union experts came to Ukraine to assess the implementation of the second phase of the action plan for liberalization of EU visa regime with the country. One of the key problems, which need to be fixed, is fight against drug crimes. After learning the State plan on drug policy for 2015-2020 and evaluation of reports of Ukrainian law encorcement bodies, EU experts gave a positive appresial.
Ukraine is one of the countries through which the narcotic and psychotropic substances are transited to Central and Western Europe. Therefore, special attention was paid to the activities of international channels of drugs transition.
According to National Institute on Drug Abuse, drug consumption has a group character in the Ukraine. Opium poppy straw extract continues to be the main drug of choice. Marijuana is growing in popularity among young people and use of synthetic drugs is appearing with increasing frequency. Hard drugs such as cocaine and heroin are too expensive for the average Ukrainian citizen, so their levels of abuse are still not significant.
From the beginning of the 1990’s the numbers of drug dependant grow annually by 10-12 percent, 27 percent of them are adults, 60 percent are teenagers and 13 percent are children, aged from 11 to 14 years. Drug addicts, aged 20-30 years, are becoming a prevailing category of users, and this is a distinguishing feature in recent years, which corresponds with the general European tendency. In 2002, the Ukraine registered the highest, and among the fastest-growing, rates of HIV infection in all of Eastern Europe.