It may look like the U.S. is holding undercover talks with Russia in terms of “Ukraine in exchange for Syria”. But, as we may see, Russia is losing its control over the Middle East, and it is a question of time, when it comes to the crucial point of burst-up. So, is there any point for the U.S. to make deals with those smarmy and uncertain “partners”?
Now let us glance at the logical trace, back from 2003, when it got started. Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (also known as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, ISIS), militant group and self-proclaimed and Islamic caliphate, led by Sunni Arabs from Iraq and Syria, has no authority except Allah and no law except Sharia. The main zones of influence of Isis are Iraq, Syria, Libya, Egypt and Nigeria.
Initially, the great aim of ISIS is to turn it into a Sunni Caliphate, which is territorially claiming for the areas which belonged to Ottoman Empire in Europe (earlier they just pretended on Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Turkey, Cyprus and Egypt). Therefore, even southern Ukraine follows this criterion. Literally, this is an attempt to reveal the Caliphate, which was abolished in 1924.
In some way, strengthening of ISIS forces was encouraged by Iran’s indirect participation, as well as the involvement of Shiite Hezbollah in the war on the side of the Assad regime in Syria. In Iraq, the Sunnis, controlled the state apparatus for a long time, faced the Shiite majority and the influential Kurdish bloc domination. Sunnis in Iraq felt kind of oppressed.
According to International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence nearly 50 people from Ukraine are fighting together with ISIS.
Supporters of an Islamic state come from many countries. For example, one of the most recent cases was corroborated by the Guardian: “From mid-2013, the Tunisian fighter had been responsible for smuggling oil from Syria’s eastern fields, which the group had by then commandeered. Black market oil quickly became the main driver of ISIS revenues – and Turkish buyers were its main clients”.
As we may know, Kurdish militias in Iraq and Syria are standing at the forefront fighting against ISIS for a long time, and recently they had some victories. At the same time the Turkish authorities informally support the Islamic state, and representatives of Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party have repeatedly expressed their dissatisfaction with rising power of Kurdish forces in the region. Turkish artillery bombarded Amediye region in Duhok province, injuring Kurdish civilians. 'ISIS suicide attack' on Suruc young socialists, not far from the border with Syria, killed 32, and almost 100 people have been injured. Many of the victims were members of a socialist youth group who had been staying at the culture centre after volunteering for a summer expedition to help rebuilt Kobani, which was left ravaged by months of fighting between Kurdish fighters and IS militants.
Few days ago Ukrainian activists held a sympathy strike near the Turkish Embassy in Kyiv. The protesters claimed to the Turkish authorities to stop the tacit support of ISIS militants and not to disregard the self-organization of people who are fighting against this group.
Starting in August 2014, the United States assembled a coalition of partner countries to combat ISIS. Various countries contributed aircraft, military aid to local ground forces, and military advisors to train local forces in-country.
President Obama: "This will not be quick. This is a long-term campaign. (ISIS) is opportunistic and it is nimble", siad CNN.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon: “As Muslim leaders around the world have said, groups like ISIL – or Da’ish -- have nothing to do with Islam, and they certainly do not represent a state”.
Saudi Arabia’s Grand Mufti Sheikh Abdulaziz Al al-Sheikh: “Extremist and militant ideas and terrorism which spread decay on Earth, destroying human civilisation, are not in any way part of Islam, but are enemy number one of Islam, and Muslims are their first victims”, as reported Reuters.
Russia is a supporter of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, whose regime is trying to stave off an insurgency that has included ISIS fighters.
President Putin: “We see problems caused by a terrorist organization, which calls itself‚ The Islamic State’. However, there was no terrorism in those states before the unacceptable interference from the outside took place without an approval of the UN Security Council. It is obvious that the consequences are tough.”
NATO: “Terrorism poses a direct threat to the security of NATO countries and to international stability and prosperity," the statement said. "It is a global threat that knows no border, nationality, or religion -- a challenge that the international community must fight and tackle together.”